Nacionales

Washington remueve al Kim Jong Un venezolano

Heinz Dieterich 14/08/17 1. El American Dream de MaduroFinalmente, las plegarias del madurismo para evocar una amenaza de guerra imperialista, se cumplieron. "Tenemos muchas opciones ...

Consejo de Seguridad de EEUU tomó nuevas decisiones sobre Venezuela

Gilberto Rojas / 10 ago 2017.- El presidente de Estados Unidos, Donald Trump, aseguró haber debatido el “tema Venezuela” junto ...

Luis Fuenmayor Toro: Habemus Constituyente

6 Agosto, 2017 . Sin lugar a dudas que el Gobierno salió victorioso de su, hasta ahora, última batalla: la elección ...

China y Rusia mueven el “ajedrez” político en Venezuela

Deivis Rodríguez06/08/2017El respaldo de las dos potencias mundiales China y Rusia se sumó esta semana como pieza principal en tablero geopolítico de Miraflores, luego ...

Probabilidad de fraude constituyente es del 99,99%, según Francisco Rodríguez

ND / 3 ago 2017.- El economista jefe de Torino Capital, Francisco Rodríguez, explicó que una cifra de participación en ...

Plataforma Ciudadana en Defensa de la Constitución llama a la Abstención y el voto nulo en la Constituyente

 25 de Julio de 2017. Los integrantes de la Plataforma Ciudadana en Defensa de la Constitución hicieron público un comunicado ...

Así podría salvar Trump a Maduro

Moisés Naím23 de Julio de 2017. El presidente Donald Trump y su gobierno están considerando la posibilidad de prohibir la ...

Chavismo Crítico rechaza la injerencia, la Constituyente de Maduro y el para-gobierno MUD

Aporrea.org  21/07/17  Organizaciones e individualidades que se identifican como parte del llamado Chavismo Crítico, manifestaron en la mañana del viernes ...

Las Fuerzas Armadas de la MUD estarían por aparecer: Luis Fuenmayor Toro

19/07/2017. Dando y dando: abortar la Constituyente y desactivar el “vete ya” sería la única manera de iniciar una negociación, ...

Pdvsa: El plan es posicionarnos como principal productor de crudo pesado

 AVNCaracas 19 de julio de 2017 - La producción de crudo en la Faja Petrolífera del Orinoco "Hugo Chávez" se ubica en ...

El pueblo firme en la calle

Elías Pino Iturrieta16 de Julio de 2017. En cada una de las etapas estelares de nuestra historia se ha invocado ...

(Reportaje) Mauro Libi, Samark López, Haiman El Troudi y el Desfalco a la Nación

Carlos Carcione 15/07/17 -   El 15 de julio se hizo público por Aporrea.org y otros sitios web la noticia de que la ...

Leyes

A Final Solution to the Mind-Body Problem by Quantum Language

Recently we proposed “quantum language”, which was not only characterized as the metaphysical and linguistic turn of quantum mechanics but also the linguistic turn of Descartes = Kant epistemology. And further we believe that quantum language is the only scientifically successful theory in dualistic idealism. If this turn is regarded as progress in the history of western philosophy (i.e., if “philosophical progress” is defined by “approaching to quantum language”), we should study the linguistic mind-body problem more than the epistemological mind-body problem. In this paper, we show that to solve the mind-body problem and to propose “measurement axiom” in quantum language are equivalent. Since our approach is always within dualistic idealism, we believe that our linguistic answer is the only true solution to the mind-body problema.

Política

Mejor que un Silicon Valley

Si algo podría claramente definir la brecha científica y tecnológica entre los países industrializados y los países de América Latina es la falta de “visión nacionalista” de estos últimos a la hora de abordar los asuntos de la ciencia. Nacionalismo este que no debe entenderse como la pura actuación del Estado por defender su soberanía o su derecho a la autodeterminación. Se trata, más bien, de un nacionalismo que se corresponde con la facultad de un país de poder pensar y avizorar inteligentemente la innovación. Y si algo caracteriza a los países latinoamericanos es su “enamoramiento” por los países industrializados y por el éxito alcanzado por ellos en el campo de la ciencia y la tecnología. No tan bueno resulta su convencimiento de poder transplantar al interno enfoques de innovación exitosos.

Ciencia y tecnología

The search for superheavy elements: Historical and philosophical perspectives

The heaviest of the transuranic elements known as superheavy elements (SHE) are produced in nuclear reactions in a few specialized laboratories located in Germany, the U.S., Russia, and Japan. The history of this branch of physical science provides several case studies of interest to the philosophy and sociology of modern science. The story of SHE illuminates the crucial notion of what constitutes a chemical element, what the criteria are for discovering a new element, and how an element is assigned a name. The story also cast light on the sometimes uneasy relationship between physics and chemistry. It is far from obvious that elements with Z > 110 exist in the same sense as oxygen or sodium exists. The answers are not given by nature but by international commissions responsible for the criteria and evaluation of discovery claims. The works of these commissions and of SHE research in general have often been controversial.

Crítica

La dialéctica de Hegel en “Cuestiones de Método” de Jean Paul Sartre

A partir del examen de la noción de dialéctica ofrecida por Jean-Paul Sartre en “Cuestiones de método”, se identifican tres características propias de dicha noción presentes en la dialéctica de Hegel: el papel de la reflexión, la negatividad y la relación entre la dialéctica y la subjetividad.

Educacion

Whitehead’s Mereotopology and the Project of Formal Ontology

Mereology is the theory of wholes and parts. The first formal mereology was developed by Husserl in his third Logical Investigation at the beginning of the twentieth century. In 1916 Stanisław Lesnie ´ wski gave the first axiomatization of a classical extensional formal mereology. That same year, Alfred North Whitehead also gave a sketch of a mereology in “La théorie relationniste de l’espace”. It was developed in the perspective of a theory of space in which the concept of point is no longer considered as primitive, but is built in terms of the relations between objects. This project was then taken up and amplified in the wider perspective of the method of extensive abstraction presented in An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Natural Knowledge and The Concept of Nature. Afterwards, Whitehead added to what was first a theory of the part-whole relation some definitions of topological notions such as junction.

Internacionales

Reckless game over the Korean Peninsula runs risk of real war

China opposes both nuclear proliferation and war in the Korean Peninsula. It will not encourage any side to stir up military conflict, and will firmly resist any side which wants to change the status quo of the areas where China’s interests are concerned. It is hoped that both Washington and Pyongyang can exercise restraint. The Korean Peninsula is where the strategic interests of all sides converge, and no side should try to be the absolute dominator of the region.

Opinion

Existencia e historicidad. El problema de la identidad en Martin Heidegger

La identidad humana puede ser interpretada de muy diversas maneras. El artículo explora, en primer lugar, los fundamentos de la crítica heideggeriana a la idea de “sujeto” como categoría apropiada para la existencia humana; en segundo lugar, y al hilo de esa crítica, señala algunos momentos relevantes que configuran la identidad pensada no ya como subiectum, sino como unidad histórico-acontecida.

Ambiente

Oil economy phase plot: a physical analogy

A phase plot of the oil economy is built using the literature data of world oil production, price, and EROEI (Energy Returned on Energy Invested). An analogy between the oil economy and the Benard convection is proposed; some methods of interpretation and forecast of the system behavior are also shown based on “phase portrait” using as main variables the price, production and EROEI values. A scenery is proposed on this basis.

Economía

729 new measures of economic complexity (Addendum to Improving the Economic Complexity Index)

Recently we uploaded to the arxiv a paper entitled: Improving the Economic Complexity Index. There, we compared three metrics of the knowledge intensity of an economy, the original metric we published in 2009 (the Economic Complexity Index or ECI), a variation of the metric proposed in 2012, and a variation we called ECI+. It was brought to our attention that the definition of ECI+ was equivalent to the variation of the metric proposed in 2012. We have verified this claim, and found that while the equations are not exactly the same, they are similar enough to be our own oversight. More importantly, we now ask: how many variations of the original ECI work? In this paper we provide a simple unifying framework to explore multiple variations of ECI, including both the original 2009 ECI and the 2012 variation. We found that a large fraction of variations have a similar predictive power, indicating that the chance of finding a variation of ECI that works, after the seminal 2009 measure, are surprisingly high.

Filosofía

Una metafísica del ser en cuanto creación:García Bacca lee a A. N. Whitehead

Al considerar el tratamiento que realiza Juan David García Bacca de Process and Reality de Alfred North Whitehead, el articulo busca apreciar la afinidad entre am­bos autores en su caracterización de las deficiencias de la ontología clásica y en su invención de conceptos para un nuevo enfoque de la ontología; a saber, una metafí­sica de la creación y la novedad.

sociologia

Technology networks: the autocatalytic origins of innovation

We search an autocatalytic structure in networks of technological fields and evaluate its significance for technological change. To this aim we define a technology network based on the International Patents Classification, and we study if autocatalytic structures in the network foster innovation as measured by the rate of production of patents. The network is identified through patenting activity of geographical regions in different technology fields. Through our analysis we show how the technological landscape of the patents database evolves as a self-organising autocatalytic structure that grows in size, and arrives to cover the most part of the technology network. Technology classes in the core of the autocatalytic structure perform better in terms of their innovativeness, as measured by the rate of growth of the number of patents. Finally, the links between classes that define the autocatalytic structure of the technology network break the hierarchical structure of the database, and indicate that recombinant innovation and its autocatalytic patterns are an important stylised fact of technological change.