Nacionales

De sanciones y bloqueos

Elsa Cardozo19 de Marzo de 2017. Ante el nuevo informe del secretario general de la OEA sobre la situación venezolana ...

Carta antidemocrática de la OEA

Luis Britto García15/03/2017. Desde hace décadas llevo adelante una campaña para que denunciemos todos los tratados que violan nuestra inmunidad ...

“Pacto nacional” por la ciencia ecuatoriana

Rafael Palacios14 de Marzo 2017. La posición crítica y poco convincente del candidato opositor Guillermo Lasso respecto a la política ...

La excelencia educativa es base del desarrollo

Luis Fuenmayor Toro12/03/2017Si algo que queda claro de todos estos años de zaperoco chavecista es que la ignorancia del liderazgo ...

Recuperación petrolera

Edgar Romero Nava08/03/2017Los “stripper” o especialistas en recuperación de pozos agotados en EEUU, tienen una fuerza que producen cada día 1,5 millones ...

La invención del pueblo

Rafael Palacios07/03/2017. Mucho se dice sobre la necesidad que tienen los países de producir la transformación y la transición hacia ...

Roberto Briceño-León: En 18 años hemos tenido 283.000 muertes violentas

7 Marzo, 2017Enrique Meléndez / 7 mar 2017.- Según Roberto Briceño León, Venezuela se ha convertido en el país más ...

Borges: está justificada la aplicación de la Carta Democrática

07 Mar 2017ND/Nota de prensa/ 7 mar 2017.-Familiares de los presos políticos entregaron al presidente de la Asamblea Nacional, Julio ...

Maduro: La Revolución Bolivariana marcó el devenir de transformaciones en América Latina y El Caribe

7 marzo 2017El Presidente venezolano precisó que a través de las misiones sociales se ha garantizado la distribución de la ...

Borges en el Congreso de Colombia: No existe una Colombia en paz con una Venezuela sin democracia

Emisora Costa del Sol FM 15 febrero, 2017El presidente de la Asamblea Nacional, Julio Andrés Borges, expuso ante el Congreso de ...

Claudio Fermín: No se puede dialogar con un gobierno que oculta a los altos funcionarios de tráfico de droga

Emisora Costa del Sol FM 15 febrero, 2017El dirigente político, Claudio Fermín, se pronunció sobre la decisión del gobierno de Estados ...

Revelaciones del secretario del Tesoro contra El Aissami: Trump se solidariza con los venezolanos

Emisora Costa del Sol FM 15 febrero, 2017El recién nombrado Secretario del Departamento del Tesoro de EEUU Steven Mnuchin, reafirmó este ...

Leyes

Planck’s radiation law, the light quantum, and the prehistory of indistinguishability in the teaching of quantum mechanics

Planck’s law for black-body radiation marks the origin of quantum theory and is discussed in all introductory (or advanced) courses on this subject. However, the question whether Planck really implied quantisation is debated among historians of physics. We present a simplified account of this debate which also sheds light on the issue of indistinguishability and Einstein’s light quantum hypothesis. We suggest that the teaching of quantum mechanics could benefit from including this material beyond the question of historical accuracy.

Política

Tendencias del actual desorden

Da Luan, “gran desorden”, es el concepto con el que los chinos designan las épocas turbulentas. Se creó y difundió en una época histórica en la que el mundo estaba compartimentado. Hoy mucha gente percibe ese desorden referido no a un país o una región, sino al conjunto de nuestro mundo unificado. El motivo es que hay un fuerte contraste entre lo que la gente común percibe como los retos del siglo y los medios disponibles para afrontarlos. Los retos del siglo son tres: atajar el cambio climático, paliar la desigualdad social y regional, y avanzar en el desarme de la capacidad de destrucción masiva (convertida en objeto de amplio consumo). Si colocamos eso al lado del cuadro institucional disponible, y de las normas y las conductas generales al uso en el ámbito de las relaciones internacionales, resulta un Da Luan global, una sensación general de gran desorden.

Ciencia y tecnología

How well do experience curves predict technological progress? A method for making distributional forecasts

Experience curves are widely used to predict the cost benefits of increasing the scale of deployment of a technology. But how good are such forecasts? Can one predict their accuracy a priori? In this paper we answer these questions by developing a method to make distributional forecasts for experience curves. We test our method using a dataset with proxies for cost and experience for 46 products and technologies and show that it works reasonably well. The framework that we develop helps clarify why the experience curve method often gives similar results to simply assuming that costs decrease exponentially. To illustrate our method we make a distributional forecast for prices of solar photovoltaic modules.

Crítica

Self-Consciousness and Otherness: Hegel and Husserl

Countless differences between Hegel and Husserl notwithstanding, there is a common element in both of their accounts of the genesis of otherness. According to both, only if one delves into the interiority of self-consciousness, can one account for the rudimentary appearance of the Other. Following the Hegelian and Husserlian variants of such a strategy, this paper argues that: (1) at the primitive levels of self-consciousness, subjectivity is intersubjective through and through; (2) an irreducible distance separates the Other from the self, due to which plurality cannot be surpassed by totality. In contrast to the view which sees these claims as though they were irreconcilable with each other, this paper shows how each of them calls for its apparent opposite.

Educacion

Procesual Structure of the Finitude in Hegelian Logic

En la “Lógica del ser-ahí”, Capítulo 2, Hegel habla de finitud, comenzando con un preámbulo en el cual profundiza en los momentos del camino de la lógica total. En una breve recapitulación metodológica, se reafirma que la primera parte del ser-ahí (ser ahí, en general, calidad y algo) tiene una estructura en la que la determinación afirmativa es dominante; mientras que la segunda parte de la finitud (el algo y el otro, el ser-en-sí mismo, el ser-para-otro, la determinación, la constitución y el límite y el algo como finito) tiene una estructura negativa, es decir, la negación de algo es en sí misma, introduciendo el tema de la alteridad desde la categoría del otro. ¿Cuál es la estructura lógica del algo como finito? El algo y el otro al momento del límite se muestran a sí mismos como finitos, ya que ambos se niegan entre sí como la negación de la negación. Entonces, el límite de algo y el otro se manifiesta a sí mismo como la negación de la negación, convirtiéndose en contradictorio y precario.

Internacionales

Reexamining Russia’s Past

The Russian Empire had a roughly 300 year run – much longer than the Soviet period. Russia’s pre-Soviet flag and coat of arms have been readopted in post-Soviet Russia, where there’re historical differences on the matters pertaining to this essay. As is true with many other Russians, Vladimir Putin appears to seek for his country what numerous others abroad desire for their respective nation. Specifically, a careful meshing of the best past attributes that can be successfully utilized in the present and future.

Opinion

The Present of Time [French]

The problem of present is analyzed as a reality given to man. First, the impersonal character of time is studied in its contradictory condition of opening place of giving: when present appears, there is not a giver, nor a receiver. In the second place, by considering the etymological sense of the French word “maintenant”, it is showed that the “now” is a nullity between past and future, a dual interstice in which everything is reached or lost. Following the Kantian conception of time and the Derridian notion of “donation”, the author highlights that the “now” is immediate receptivity, intuitive and not conceptual: in the present, man gives himself to himself and receives himself from himself. The present, at the same time that it constitutes the space of identity, it is also the vector of difference: when it becomes a sign to himself of himself, the present appears as his own alterity.

Ambiente

Fear of Politics Deleuze, Whitehead, and the Truth of Badiou

This discussion will further advance our argument that Badiou’s arguments against Deleuze are ultimately based upon an ontology (namely, his theory of the pure multiple) that does not appreciate the historicity of human and nonhuman entities, and hence it fails to think singularities, whereas Deleuze, along with Whitehead and Latour, do base their political philosophies upon an ontology that affirms the historicity of all identities. With this discussion in place we turn, in the final section, to Deleuze’s concept of a social multiplicity. This concept is integrally related to Deleuze’s further concepts, ‘becoming-imperceptible’ and ‘becoming-revolutionary.’

Economía

Discursos sobre una falsa elección: deuda, importaciones y metabolismo en la crisis económica venezolana

El debate en torno a la economía venezolana durante el año 2016 se asemejó a una elección dual como que se le plantea a Neo en Matrix. Llegado el momento el gobierno de Venezuela debió elegir entre pagar su deuda externa en detrimento de una reducción de las importaciones que harían colisionar el consumo interno, o no sacrificar el consumo interno cayendo en un impago de la deuda. ¿Existe acaso una tercera elección? De existir ¿qué tanto dependería de pensar las cosas desde otros fundamentos desplazándonos de la matriz metafísica en la que nos encontramos clausurados?

Filosofía

The Imprint [French]

The purpose of this text is to suggest some ideas about the issue of time and trace. Beginning with a short consideration about the French expression “maintenant”, the text goes on examining the difference, pointed out by G. Dumézil, between trace and fossil. In a first moment, the inspiration comes from some aspects of religion. Then, from Peguy’s two dimensions of the time of history: one concerned with the pure sequence of events and the other retaining the possible, the trace of the past. Finally from Baudelaire’s poem “Le Cygne”, where it is possible to distinguish between a history that sweeps everything and a conservation of the past as some sort of resistance or protest of the individual. With this in mind, the text presents trace as this dimension of time where subjectivation adds depth, permanence of what is already gone, to the time of history.

sociologia

Quantum Probabilities as Behavioral Probabilities

We demonstrate that behavioral probabilities of human decision makers share many common features with quantum probabilities. This does not imply that humans are some quantum objects, but just shows that the mathematics of quantum theory is applicable to the description of human decision making. The applicability of quantum rules for describing decision making is connected with the nontrivial process of making decisions in the case of composite prospects under uncertainty. Such a process involves deliberations of a decision maker when making a choice. In addition to the evaluation of the utilities of considered prospects, real decision makers also appreciate their respective attractiveness. Therefore, human choice is not based solely on the utility of prospects, but includes the necessity of resolving the utility-attraction duality. In order to justify that human consciousness really functions similarly to the rules of quantum theory, we develop an approach defining human behavioral probabilities as the probabilities determined by quantum rules.