Nacionales

Las incertidumbres de la realidad política venezolana

Michael Penfold, Prodavinci15/04/2018. Cualquier ejercicio de proyección de los escenarios políticos que se despliegue para el caso venezolano va a ...

Néstor Francia / Análisis de entorno: ¿Y después del 20 de mayo?

Resumen semanal 06/04/18 al 12/04/1813-04-2018. Lo primero que se debe decir es que este abril encuentra a la oposición en ...

Vladimir Padrino realiza una reunión urgente, hay desesperación en el Gobierno, no saben que sucede con los precios de los productos

13-04-2018. Los precios de los productos se han desatado de una manera impresionante, los precios de los alimentos se han ...

EEUU pide a Latinoamérica que no reconozca las elecciones en Venezuela

Lima, 13 abr (EFE).- El nuevo embajador de Estados Unidos ante la Organización de Estados Americanos (OEA), Carlos Trujillo, recordó ...

Luis Vicente León: Sanciones pueden implosionar al chavismo

Ronald Romero / 12 abr 2018, edit. 1:10pm.- El presidente de Datanálisis, Luis Vicente León, aseguró este jueves que la única ...

José Antonio Gil Yepez: Sin “Plan B”

12-04-2018. Si todos fuésemos a votar, la oportunidad de ganarle a Maduro es de 78 a 22%. Con una ventaja ...

Producción de PDVSA va por 1.500.000 de barriles diarios

12-04-2018. Según datos oficiales, el mes pasado la estatal petrolera dejó de producir 77.000 bd, mientras que otras fuentes secundarias ...

Leopoldo Puchi: Qué esperar de Lima

12-04-2018. La Cumbre de las Américas, es decir, la iniciativa de una reunión periódica entre los mandatarios del continente para ...

Los acreedores de bonos y las candidaturas de Maduro y Falcón

 Venpress13-04-2018. Según reseña Bloonberg para los inversores, el candidato Nicolás Maduro representa estancamiento ya que los bonistas seguirían en expectativa ...

¿Vendrá China al rescate?

José Toro Hardy12 de Abril de 2018. Después de la muerte de Mao en 1976, en China se impusieron las ...

Covri: Guyana viola espíritu y letra del Acuerdo de Ginebra

Jennifer Suárez / 11 abr 2018.- El Consejo Venezolano de Relaciones Internacionales (Covri), se dirigió este miércoles a los integrantes ...

Falcón propone nuevo tabulador para la administración pública en dólares y con aumentos desde 1.400% hasta 2.700%

ND / 11 abr 2018, edit 12:19pm.- El asesor económico de Henri Falcón, Francisco Rodríguez, anunció este miércoles un nuevo tabulador ...

Leyes

Generalizations of the Recursion Theorem

We consider two generalizations of the Recursion Theorem, namely Visser’s ADN Theorem and Arslanov’s Completeness Criterion, and we prove a joint generalization of these theorems.

Política

What is the State? A Russian concept of Gosudarstvo in the european context

What allows us to talk about the state as an active agency when we understand that only individuals act? This article draws comparisons between Quentin Skinner’s exposition of the history of the concept of the state in major European languages and the history of its equivalent Russian term gosudarstvo in order to provide some general hypotheses on the development of the phenomenon of the state, and on the origins of this baffling usage. First, summing up a vast number of historical and lexicographic works, it attempts a meticulous reconstruction of conceptual development in the Russian language. Second, a peculiarity of the Russian case is discussed, where absolutist thinkers (and not republicans, as in Western Europe) stressed the difference between the person of the ruler and the state. Third, political interests in introducing such novel usage are discussed, together with the role of this usage in the formation of the state. This allows us to see better the origins of current faith in the existence of the state as a more or less clearly designated and independent actor, predicated on the mechanism of what Pierre Bourdieu described as “mysterious delegation.”

Ciencia y tecnología

Is science driven by principal investigators?

In this paper we consider the question what is the scientific and career performance of principal investigators (PIs) of publicly funded research projects compared to scientific performance of all researchers. Our study is based on high quality data about (i) research projects awarded in Slovenia in the period 1994–2016 (7508 projects with 2725 PIs in total) and (ii) about scientific productivity of all researchers in Slovenia that were active in the period 1970-2016 – there are 19598 such researchers in total, including the PIs. We compare average productivity, collaboration, internationality and interdisciplinarity of PIs and of all active researchers. Our analysis shows that for all four indicators the average performance of PIs is much higher compared to average performance of all active researchers. Additionally, we analyze careers of both groups of researchers. The results show that the PIs have on average longer and more fruitful career compared to all active researchers, with regards to all career indicators.

Crítica

Notas para un abordaje filosófico del Partido Revolucionario Institucional

Como lo anunciamos con anterioridad, los abordajes filosóficos requieren de un compromiso ontológico y gnoseológico en virtud del cual podamos ejercitar un análisis lo suficientemente potente para dar cuenta de lo tratado. En nuestro caso, el compromiso filosófico será con el sistema filosófico llamado Materialismo Filosófico. A continuación disponemos a explicar cuáles son los motivos que nos orillaron a decantarnos por este y no otros. Gustavo Bueno, principal autor del sistema, cuenta con una serie de doctrinas (teorías) de gran potencia para poder abordar la infinidad de categorías que se atraviesan en el momento de realizar un trabajo con las características de nuestras intenciones. Estamos hablando específicamente de su teoría política y su filosofía de la ciencia referidas a sus emblemáticos trabajos Teoría del Cierre Categorial y Primer ensayo sobre las categorías de las “ciencias políticas”. El primero nos permitirá poder clasificar el material que surja de los acercamientos científicos y determinar su estatuto gnoseológico mientras el segundo, estando resuelta la problemática gnoseológica tocante a las ciencias políticas en el trabajo anterior, será la plataforma desde la cual escudriñaremos el material político. A este arsenal sumaremos el Ensayo sobre las categorías de la economía política y trabajos que rebasan ya el arco de los dientes de Bueno tales como el Diccionario filosófico de Pelayo García Sierra.

Educacion

Term algebras of elementarily equivalent atom structures

We exhibit two relation algebra atom structures such that they are elementarily equivalent but their term algebras are not. This answers Problem 14.19 in the book Hirsch, R. and Hodkinson, I., “Relation Algebras by Games”, North-Holland, 2002.

Internacionales

Russia’s Potemkin Missiles

Putin’s ominous presentation — aimed as much at a Russian electorate bereft of positive economic news as at Western audiences — brings to mind the late Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev’s boasts at the height of the Cold War that ICBMs were rolling off Soviet assembly lines “like sausages” and that his country would swallow U.S. forces in West Berlin in one gulp. All of this as Khrushchev’s own general staff and senior advisers knew that the feared missile gap between the United States and the Soviet Union was a myth, that the Soviets had fallen behind in the nuclear arms race, and that their leader’s bellicose rhetoric was hot air — bombast to compensate for Potemkin missiles.

Opinion

Subjectivity as the Foundation for Objectivity in Kant and Husserl: On Two Types of Transcendental Idealism

The idea that subjectivity makes up the foundation or source of all objectivity applies to all transcendental idealists. Nevertheless, Husserl conceives of this relationship between subjectivity and objectivity in a radically different fashion than Kant. Husserl’s conception leads to a primacy of the noetic dimension of sense (Sinn) at the expense of the noematic dimension. In order to render this explicit, not only a closer look at Kant’s transcendental deduction is illuminating but also taking into account neo-Kantianism. In contrast to Husserl, Kant and the neo-Kantians grant primacy to the objective or noematic within the correlation between subject and object or noesis and noema.

Ambiente

The Battle for History: Part I

“The battle forActually, the simplest inferences convince us that time is, at best, a very grand convention. The past has passed, and it’s not anymore. The future can only be yet to be, and it is also not. The present is a unit that tends to zero. But we know that zero is identical to infinity. From the point of view of infinity, there is neither a past nor a future. To be more precise, all is one. Everything always is and is in everything. History is a myth. According to A. F. Losev, the myth is an “open magical name”; he also held that “myth is miracle” without a human origin. history.” What does this mean? What battle could we be speaking of, if history is the past and, as we are told, we cannot return any further?

Economía

De las categorías del pensamiento económico

Conocer las fuentes últimas de una disciplina intelectual es una función tan natural y necesaria del entendimiento humano, que la propia evidencia nos demuestra la lentitud con la que se hace consciente a aquellos que la trabajan y desarrolla. Pues no por natural deja de ejercer una extraña reacción en la medida en que su desvelamiento exige de un ejercicio por conocer incompatible con esa inclinación natural con la que abrazamos la inmediatez -matriz, por cierto, fundante de lo económico. Y, sin embargo, a pesar del esfuerzo creciente que han adoptado las distintas ramas del saber en general y de lo económico en particular por familiarizarse con su campo de acción, tal objetivo queda interrumpido si por ello concebimos una paciente entrega hacia la Verdad. Porque no hay perseverancia que goce de estima si de ella no podemos extraer el deleite supremo que equivale a entender las razones que lo inclinan a saber el modo en que sabe. Solo así el conocimiento de la cosa se expande hasta sus límites aclarando que lo que ella es como expresión en esto o lo otro solo le pertenece a un instante de ese recorrido más prolongado que apunta a esa suerte de auto-reconocimiento.

Filosofía

Symbol and Reality

Twice during the last fifteen years did scholars, of many callings and countries, collaborate and, by Festschrift and commemorative volume, express their appreciation of the work of ERNST CASSIRER. Since the turn of the century, in many languages and more than a hundred books, essays and articles, the thought of this great among contemporary philosophers has ranged from compendious historical investigations into the “problem of knowledge”, interpretations of culture-periods, philosophers, scientists, poets to penetrating analyses of mathematics, physics, chemistry, psychology, history, linguistics and mythology. Yet, while Cassirer achieved early fame with well-documented presentations of other men’s ideas, his own philosophy was not developed before the poblication of his Philosophie der Symbolischen Formen, the latest volume of which appeared in 1929, at a time when in Germany phenomenology and the “Lebens-philosophischen” precursors of existentialism had all but eclipsed the classicism of Cassirer’s theme and style. His philosophy proper could, therefore, neither receive the attention which a German intelligentsia gave to lesser intellectual events in the anxious pre-Hitler days; nor could an English-language audience, lacking a complete translation of his principal work, satisfy the interest in his thought which some of his (translated) books had already provoked.

sociologia

The Third Rome and the “Cult of Victory”

Today, we can openly talk about developing a “civil religion” in Russia, the “cult of Victory”, combining it with a “new national ideology”, which has been in creation for a long time. In addition, for some “new statists” and part of the Communists, including a more wider context of the “Soviet”, the “USSR-2”, etc, it is almost salvation, while for others, especially the liberals and “diminutive nationalists”, and even the “regionalists” (or separatists, if you like), it causes a difficult storm of emotions. The sympathy for our last world war military and political opponents unites a variety of groups: from liberals to Russian Nazis, from Jewish oligarchs to almost insane anti-Semites. Unfortunately, some of the so-called “white spectrum” joined it, and in our opinion, only pushed the Russian people away from the “white cause”, from sympathy that was more common in the early 1990’s. It should be noted that this is not about the “fascism and anti-fascism” of the National Socialist ideology (that is a special issue), but mostly about the military campaign of Germany in the 1940’s.