Hemeroteca del mes septiembre, 2011

Venezuela responde a la luz del derecho internacional reclamo de Guyana sobre fachada marítima

Por • 27 sep, 2011 • Category: Nacionales

El Presidente Hugo Chávez ha implementado hacia Guyana una política correcta de paz, soberanía, y respeto al Derecho Internacional, que contrasta con las viejas actitudes guerreristas y amenazantes de la burguesía venezolana, cuyo único objetivo era hostigar a gobiernos progresistas de esa hermana República, conforme a los designios de los centros de poder imperiales.

Traición a la Patria

Por • 27 sep, 2011 • Category: Nacionales

Guardar silencio ante una violación flagrante de nuestra soberanía es sencillamente Traición a la Patria. No es fácil de explicar la actitud entreguista de Hugo Chávez y Nicolás Maduro ante Guyana y el Caribe. Han pasado ya varios días sin que la cancillería venezolana haya emitido el correspondiente comunicado oponiéndose a la pretensión de Guyana, planteada por su canciller Caroline Rodríguez ante las Naciones Unidas, de ampliar su plataforma continental de 200 a 350 millas al no tomar en cuenta la Zona en Reclamación. Es verdad que esta posición de Guyana surge como consecuencia a las imprudentes declaraciones que Hugo Chávez ha venido dando sobre el diferendo con Guyana desde el año 2006.

«Venezuela puede perder 300 mil km2 en el Esequibo»

Por • 27 sep, 2011 • Category: Nacionales

«Si no activamos la reclamación, Guyana ganaría 150 mil km2 de áreas marinas y submarinas» «El presidente Chávez dio luz verde para que las transnacionales entraran al territorio en reclamación»

Chinese map of world politics (I)

Por • 26 sep, 2011 • Category: Política

China has already given a yellow card to the West (including the US). In March 2009, a book of articles by most influential journalists was released in China (and Taiwan) under the title “Angry China. Great epoch, great targets and our domestic and foreign troubles”. The publication received a huge international response. The book gives an answer to the question how Chinese people should regard the external world (first of all the US but also Russia). The authors make it clear that discontent over the Western policy towards China is growing among a large part of the Chinese society and military commanders. They advocate for tougher political course, calling up for “handling economic and trade issues holding a sword firmly in hands, to ensure supplies of necessary natural resources to China”. They make it clear to Chinese people that the authorities of China understand problems of common people and all their troubles caused by the West, which should be “brought to responsibility for insulting and humiliating Chinese people and which should meet fair demands of China” .

Parmenides reloaded

Por • 26 sep, 2011 • Category: Ciencia y tecnología

I argue for a four dimensional, non-dynamical view of space-time, where becoming is not an intrinsic property of reality. This view has many features in common with the Parmenidean conception of the universe. I discuss some recent objections to this position and I offer a comparison of the Parmenidean space-time with an interpretation of Heraclitus’ thought that presents no major antagonism.

Scaling laws and universality in the choice of election candidates

Por • 26 sep, 2011 • Category: sociologia

Nowadays there is an increasing interest of physicists in finding regularities related to social phenomena. This interest is clearly motivated by applications that a statistical mechanical description of the human behavior may have in our society. By using this framework, we address this work to cover an open question related to elections: the choice of elections candidates (candidature process). Our analysis reveals that, apart from the social motivations, this system displays features of traditional out-of-equilibrium physical phenomena such as scale-free statistics and universality.

An Entropic Story

Por • 25 sep, 2011 • Category: Leyes

A pedagogical account of entropy and its history.

Atomism and the Reasoning by a Non-Classical Logic

Por • 25 sep, 2011 • Category: Educacion

Antonino Drago & Romina Oliva* Introduction More than a century ago, classical logic was formalized in mathematical terms. Next, some ‘deviant’ mathematical logics were born whose status was for a long time dubious. Finally, some decades ago mathematical logic was recognized not to be unique, as generally believed. At a formal level what discriminates the […]

Definability in the Real Universe

Por • 25 sep, 2011 • Category: Crítica

Logic has its origins in basic questions about the nature of the real world and how we describe it. This article seeks to bring out the physical and epistemological relevance of some of the more recent technical work in logic and computability theory. «If you are receptive and humble, mathematics will lead you by the hand. Again and again, when I have been at a loss how to proceed, I have just had to wait until I have felt the mathematics lead me by the hand. It has led me along an unexpected path, a path where new vistas open up, a path leading to new territory, where one can set up a base of operations, from which one can survey the surroundings and plan future progress.» – Paul Dirac, 27 November, 1975.

Hegel’s philosophy of the chemical process: a rehabilitation

Por • 24 sep, 2011 • Category: Crítica

In the Science of Logic, philosophy analyses and develops concepts. If a concept proves to be inconsistent, thought is compelled to move to a more comprehensive concept that resolves the contradiction revealed in the former one. Thus, thought uses its own resources and refers to concrete material only as an illustration or example. On the other hand, in the Philosophy of Nature, philosophy takes a thoroughgoing empirical approach. One gathers everything experience tells us about nature, looks at all determinations discovered and, by recognizing their relations and considering them as a whole, «constructs the concept» (Hegel). The categories analyzed in the Science of Logic are conditions of the approach of the Philosophy of Nature that proceeds in a radically empirical way (p. 208). The latter turns out to be systematic, because the speculative concept arises if the empirical data are grasped in their synthesis. Ultimately, the Hegelian ‘spirit’ is the subject that combines logic and nature. ‘Spirit’ means the achievements of finite subjective spirits, as members of the universal intellectual community reflecting the ‘real process’ in which logical thought and empirical chemistry are united (p. 211). In these efforts, Hegel’s philosophy has its place.