Hemeroteca del mes septiembre, 2017

Ex comandante de la OTAN advierte posible guerra civil en Venezuela

Por • 30 sep, 2017 • Category: Nacionales

Por EL NACIONAL WEB 30 de Septiembre de 2017. El almirante James Stavridis, ex comandante supremo de las Fuerzas Aliadas de la OTAN, alertó que Venezuela puede entrar en una guerra civil.  Las consideraciones las hizo mediante un artículo de opinión que publicó en el semanario TIME. En el texto estudia el nivel sociopolítico de Venezuela y […]

Remembering Martin Heidegger: September 26, 1889–May 26, 1976

Por • 30 sep, 2017 • Category: Ambiente

Martin Heidegger is one of the giants of twentieth-century philosophy, both in terms of the depth and originality of his ideas and the breadth of his influence in philosophy, theology, the human sciences, and culture in general. Heidegger was born on September 26, 1889, in the town of Meßkirch in the district of Sigmaringen in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. He died on May 26, 1976 in Freiburg and was buried in Meßkirch. Heidegger was from a lower-class Catholic family. His family was too poor to send him to university, so he enrolled in a Jesuit seminary. But Heidegger was soon rejected by the Jesuits due to a heart condition. He then studied theology at the University of Freiburg from 1909–1911, after which time he switched his focus to philosophy. Eventually Heidegger broke entirely with Christianity. From 1919 to 1923, Heidegger was the salaried research assistant of Edmund Husserl at the University of Freiburg. Husserl, who was a Jewish convert to Lutheranism, was the founder of the phenomenological movement in German philosophy, and Heidegger was to become his most illustrious student. In 1927, Heidegger published his magnum opus, Being and Time, the foundation of his world-wide fame. In 1928, Husserl retired from the University of Freiburg, and Heidegger returned to replace him, remaining in Freiburg for the rest of his academic career.

Time and Consciousness in a Quantum World

Por • 30 sep, 2017 • Category: Opinion

We address the relation between two apparently distinct problems: The quest for a deeper understanding of the nature of consciousness and the search for time and space as emergent structures in the quantum mechanical world. We also advance a toy-model proposal of emergence of time from a timeless unus mundus quantum-like space by using Aharonov’s two state formalism of quantum mechanics. We further speculate on these issues within a quantum cognitive perspective with particular interest in two recent papers on this emerging field of science. One (Aerts et al) entails (as we argue) a panpsychist top-down approach to the problem of consciousness. The second paper (Blutner et al) proposes a quantum cognitive model for Jung’s psychological type structure. We discuss these concepts and their relation with our main thesis, that time is a measure of individuality. One of our central motivations is to provide arguments that allows the mainstream physicist to take seriously a panpsychist worldview, a position that has been openly forwarded by many modern philosophers.

Is Objectivity a Useful Construct?

Por • 30 sep, 2017 • Category: Leyes

Humanity’s efforts to transmute lead into gold have impelled civilizations. Our efforts to transmute human experience into objective laws have enjoyed similar success. Through thinkers such as Oliver Wendell Holmes, William James, Felix S. Cohen, Carol E. Cleland, Russell K. Standish and Christopher A. Fuchs we can see that a source of the difficulty in understanding phenomena via objective laws is that the law can best be understood as a quantum system, not a classical one. Law resembles a quantum system because maximal legal information is not complete and cannot be completed.

Discurso de Donald Trump ante la 72ª Sesión de la Asamblea General de la ONU

Por • 30 sep, 2017 • Category: Internacionales

La dictadura socialista de Nicolás Maduro ha infligido terrible dolor y sufrimiento a la buena gente de ese país. Este régimen corrupto destruyó una nación próspera al imponer una ideología fallida que ha producido pobreza y miseria en todas partes donde se ha intentado. Para empeorar las cosas, Maduro ha desafiado a su propio pueblo, robando el poder de sus representantes electos para preservar su desastroso régimen. El pueblo venezolano está muriendo de hambre y su país está colapsando. Sus instituciones democráticas están siendo destruidas. Esta situación es completamente inaceptable y no podemos quedarnos mirando. Como vecino y amigo responsable, nosotros y todos los demás tenemos un objetivo. Ese objetivo es ayudarles a recuperar su libertad, recuperar su país y restaurar su democracia. Quisiera agradecer a los líderes en esta sala por condenar al régimen y brindar un apoyo vital al pueblo venezolano. Estados Unidos ha tomado medidas importantes para responsabilizar al régimen. Estamos dispuestos a tomar más medidas si el gobierno de Venezuela persiste en su camino para imponer un gobierno autoritario al pueblo venezolano.

Socialism core of China success story

Por • 28 sep, 2017 • Category: sociologia

Obviously for Western countries accustomed to the hundreds-year-old capitalist system, it is very difficult for them to understand China’s socialist path. When these countries found that a fast-developing China has not been incorporated into the capitalist order, they criticize China for state capitalism or mercantilism. Nevertheless, this kind of criticism ignores the fact that socialism, which suffered huge setbacks in Europe, has enjoyed prosperous development in China. It is the socialist theory and path that have propelled China to its current status as the world’s second-largest economy. In the future 10 or 15 years, the socialist path with Chinese characteristics is likely to make China become the largest economy. In sum, the difference between China’s development path and the Western mode lies in socialism. Socialism with Chinese characteristics was the basic feature of the country’s development. For a thorough understanding of China, one must learn much about this country’s socialism.

Stable Sino-US ties buttress of world order

Por • 28 sep, 2017 • Category: Política

This year has been eventful in terms of international relations, but still sufficiently stable thanks to the overall constant Sino-US relationship playing a key role as a buttress. Frictions between China and the US have not undermined bilateral relations. While the two countries have experienced numerous problems, cooperation remains the theme. The major-power relationship built on this basis has affected how people look at international relations and brought a sense of stability to the world. The China-US summit won’t supply a panacea for the nuclear crisis or trade disputes. But the two leaders’ reciprocal visits have consolidated the belief of both peoples and the whole world that major issues must be solved through cooperation. They have helped find the common grounds of the two countries and thus enormously reduced the risks of strategic miscalculations accumulated due to impatience and lack of strategic trust.

Venezuela y geopolítica, por Leopoldo Puchi

Por • 28 sep, 2017 • Category: Nacionales

Leopoldo Puchi 28/09/2017. Si hacía falta una evidencia de que Venezuela se encontraba en el centro de un torbellino mundial de la lucha por el poder, la intervención del presidente estadounidense en la ONU lo viene a confirmar, al utilizar esa tribuna para referirse a nuestro país. La sede de esa organización es el escenario […]

Jorge Rodríguez: Nos mantenemos en el diálogo cumpliendo nuestra palabra

Por • 28 sep, 2017 • Category: Nacionales

Agencias / Redacción WEB 27/09/2017. El representante del gobierno nacional para el diálogo con la oposición venezolana, Jorge Rodríguez, agradeció este miércoles al presidente de República Dominicana, Danilo Medina, y al canciller de ese país, Miguel Vargas, la gestión realizada para reanudar las conversaciones entre ambos sectores. «Estamos cumpliendo nuestra palabra y esperamos que en […]

Five stages of accepting constructive mathematics

Por • 27 sep, 2017 • Category: Ciencia y tecnología

On the odd day, a mathematician might wonder what constructive mathematics is all about. They may have heard arguments in favor of constructivism but are not at all convinced by them, and in any case they may care little about philosophy. A typical introductory text about constructivism spends a great deal of time explaining the principles and contains only trivial mathematics, while advanced constructive texts are impenetrable, like all unfamiliar mathematics. How then can a mathematician find out what constructive mathematics feels like? What new and relevant ideas does constructive mathematics have to offer, if any? I shall attempt to answer these questions.