Hemeroteca de la sección ‘Ambiente’

La doctrina kantiana del esquematismo trascendental

Por • 3 dic, 2017 • Category: Ambiente

El objetivo de nuestro artículo es ofrecer una interpretación del capítulo sobre “El esquematismo de los conceptos puros del entendimiento” de la Crítica de la razón pura de Immanuel Kant. Nuestra hipótesis es que en la doctrina del esquematismo se decide la posibilidad de la constitución ontológica del objeto como objeto. Consiguientemente, mostraremos que únicamente con los esquemas trascendentales nos encontramos con los predicados ontológicos fundamentales de la objetividad. Esto se demuestra estableciendo que solo gracias a la doctrina del esquematismo se pone de manifiesto el dinamismo interno de la cooperación entre la sensibilidad y el entendimiento que da lugar al conocimiento objetivo.



Raíces metafísicas de la Lógica de Hegel

Por • 28 nov, 2017 • Category: Ambiente

Entre las obras de Hegel, la Ciencia de la Lógica (Wissenschaft der Logik) suele ser considerada hoy en día como la más hermética. Ignorada por los lógicos, menospreciada por los científicos y desoída por los pocos metafísicos que quedan, la obra sistemática central de Hegel, justamente aquella de la que él decía sin modestia alguna que “contenía la representación de Dios en la eternidad de su ser, antes de la creación de la naturaleza” 1 , duerme el poco envidiable sueño de los justos. El título mismo, que une en alianza extraña a la ”ciencia” y a la “lógica”, parece contrastar notoriamente con la historia de ambas disciplinas, antes y después de Hegel, de modo que ninguna de ellas tendría por qué reconocerle autoridad alguna. La empresa resulta más desconcertante aún, si se tiene en cuenta que, al combinar de esa extraña manera la ciencia y la lógica, lo que Hegel pretendía era recuperar y rcformular la tradición de la metafísica.



Physics in Riemann’s mathematical papers

Por • 14 nov, 2017 • Category: Ambiente

Riemann’s mathematical papers contain many ideas that arise from physics, and some of them are motivated by problems from physics. In fact, it is not easy to separate Riemann’s ideas in mathematics from those in physics. Furthermore, Riemann’s philosophical ideas are often in the background of his work on science. The aim of this chapter is to give an overview of Riemann’s mathematical results based on physical reasoning or motivated by physics. We also elaborate on the relation with philosophy. While we discuss some of Riemann’s philosophical points of view, we review some ideas on the same subjects emitted by Riemann’s predecessors, and in particular Greek philosophers, mainly the pre-socratics and Aristotle.



Disruptive firms

Por • 1 nov, 2017 • Category: Ambiente

This study proposes the concept of disruptive firms: they are firms with market leadership that deliberate introduce new and improved generations of durable goods that destroy, directly or indirectly, similar products present in markets in order to support their competitive advantage and/or market leadership. These disruptive firms support technological and industrial change and induce consumers to buy new products to adapt to new socioeconomic environment. In particular, disruptive firms generate and spread path-breaking innovations in order to achieve and sustain the goal of a (temporary) profit monopoly. This organizational behaviour and strategy of disruptive firms support technological change.



System Description: Russell – A Logical Framework for Deductive Systems

Por • 24 oct, 2017 • Category: Ambiente

Russell is a logical framework for the specification and implementation of deductive systems. It is a high-level language with respect to Metamath language, so inherently it uses a Metamath foundations, i.e. it doesn’t rely on any particular formal calculus, but rather is a pure logical framework. The main difference with Metamath is in the proof language and approach to syntax: the proofs have a declarative form, i.e. consist of actual expressions, which are used in proofs, while syntactic grammar rules are separated from the meaningful rules of inference. Russell is implemented in c++14 and is distributed under GPL v3 license. The repository contains translators from Metamath to Russell and back. Original Metamath theorem base (almost 30 000 theorems) can be translated to Russell, verified, translated back to Metamath and verified with the original Metamath verifier. Russell can be downloaded from the repository this https URL



Demostración y silogismo en los Analíticos segundos. Reconstrucción y discusión

Por • 5 oct, 2017 • Category: Ambiente

En este artículo se discute la relación entre silogismo y demostración con respecto al concepto aristotélico del conocimiento científico formulado en los Analíticos segundos. La argumentación sigue tres líneas principales: (i) se ofrecen razones para rechazar la relegación de la sistematización silogística a la instancia postrera de justificación y exposición didáctica del conocimiento previamente adquirido. Como respuesta alternativa, (ii) se muestra que una explicación aristotélica necesita la silogística en virtud del papel que desempeña la causa como término medio silogístico. En consecuencia, debería estar en condiciones de (iii) sostener que no resulta factible establecer firmemente los principios propios como premisas explicativas sin construir silogismos.



Remembering Martin Heidegger: September 26, 1889–May 26, 1976

Por • 30 sep, 2017 • Category: Ambiente

Martin Heidegger is one of the giants of twentieth-century philosophy, both in terms of the depth and originality of his ideas and the breadth of his influence in philosophy, theology, the human sciences, and culture in general. Heidegger was born on September 26, 1889, in the town of Meßkirch in the district of Sigmaringen in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. He died on May 26, 1976 in Freiburg and was buried in Meßkirch. Heidegger was from a lower-class Catholic family. His family was too poor to send him to university, so he enrolled in a Jesuit seminary. But Heidegger was soon rejected by the Jesuits due to a heart condition. He then studied theology at the University of Freiburg from 1909–1911, after which time he switched his focus to philosophy. Eventually Heidegger broke entirely with Christianity. From 1919 to 1923, Heidegger was the salaried research assistant of Edmund Husserl at the University of Freiburg. Husserl, who was a Jewish convert to Lutheranism, was the founder of the phenomenological movement in German philosophy, and Heidegger was to become his most illustrious student. In 1927, Heidegger published his magnum opus, Being and Time, the foundation of his world-wide fame. In 1928, Husserl retired from the University of Freiburg, and Heidegger returned to replace him, remaining in Freiburg for the rest of his academic career.



Proposal for the debate on the role of the DPRK in the current hegemonic battle

Por • 26 sep, 2017 • Category: Ambiente

The detail that we must point out as an emerging point to fix the thesis defended in this call, is given by some outcomes that we will try to qualify. The Russia-China entente, aligned in the BRICS financial transnational bloc, distributes the physical frontier with the DPRK. In the latest blockade movement made by the UN assembly, it may seem that the positions of Russia and China have weakened the role of the DPRK, when in reality what has happened is a movement that strengthens the positions of the BRICS, and consequently of the Russian-Chinese core. From here we state that all this is due to the subjective resistances held by the the region north of the 38th parallel, a population of barely twenty-five million people. The turn made by Russia and China presents a certainly significant reading for the international diplomatic movement, as a definitive blow to the threat of war proposed by the bloc represented by USA-Japan-South Korea.



Would Two Dimensions be World Enough for Spacetime?

Por • 23 sep, 2017 • Category: Ambiente

We consider various curious features of general relativity, and relativistic field theory, in two spacetime dimensions. In particular, we discuss: the vanishing of the Einstein tensor; the failure of an initial-value formulation for vacuum spacetimes; the status of singularity theorems; the non-existence of a Newtonian limit; the status of the cosmological constant; and the character of matter fields, including perfect fluids and electromagnetic fields. We conclude with a discussion of what constrains our understanding of physics in different dimensions.



Por qué el diseño de las ciudades de Latinoamérica frena su progreso

Por • 17 sep, 2017 • Category: Ambiente

Una investigación realizada por el Banco de Desarrollo de América Latina (CAF) detectó las tres razones fundamentales en las que la planificación urbanística es un obstáculo para el avance de la región. Estas son: hacinamiento en la vivienda en barrios vulnerables, el transporte público y el trabajo informal. Los expertos hablan de la “triple informalidad” de la casa, el bus y el trabajo. Hoy 80% de los latinoamericanos vive en ciudades y se estima que en 2050 será 90%. Ante ese escenario, ¿quién se hace cargo de diseñar ciudades habitables? Pablo Sanguinetti, economista jefe de CAF y uno de los expertos que participó en la elaboración del último Reporte de Economía y Desarrollo, dijo que los gobernantes -a nivel nacional y regional- tienen que tomar cartas en el asunto porque la situación se puede poner cada vez peor.