How to define your dimension: A discourse on Hausdorff dimension and self-similarity

Por • 31 dic, 2020 • Sección: Crítica

Satvik Singh

One often distinguishes between a line and a plane by saying that the former is one-dimensional while the latter is two. But, what does it mean for an object to have d−dimensions? Can we define a consistent notion of dimension rigorously for arbitrary objects, say a snowflake, perhaps? And must the dimension always be integer-valued? After highlighting some crucial problems that one encounters while defining a sensible notion of dimension for a certain class of objects, we attempt to answer the above questions by exploring the concept of Hausdorff dimension — a remarkable method of assigning dimension to subsets of arbitrary metric spaces. In order to properly formulate the definition and properties of the Hausdorff dimension, we review the critical measure-theoretic terminology beforehand. Finally, we discuss the notion of self-similarity and show how it often defies our quotidian intuition that dimension must always be integer-valued.

arXiv:2012.10606v1 [math.MG]

Metric Geometry (math.MG); History and Overview (math.HO)

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