Regularizing (away) vacuum energy

Por • 30 ene, 2021 • Sección: Crítica

Adam Koberinski

In this paper I formulate Minimal Requirements for Candidate Predictions in quantum field theories, inspired by viewing the standard model as an effective field theory. I then survey standard effective field theory regularization procedures, to see if the vacuum expectation value of energy density (⟨ρ⟩) is a quantity that meets these requirements. The verdict is negative, leading to the conclusion that ⟨ρ⟩ is not a physically significant quantity in the standard model. Rigorous extensions of flat space quantum field theory eliminate ⟨ρ⟩ from their conceptual framework, indicating that it lacks physical significance in the framework of quantum field theory more broadly. This result has consequences for problems in cosmology and quantum gravity, as it suggests that the correct solution to the cosmological constant problem involves a revision of the vacuum concept within quantum field theory.

arXiv:2101.10891v1 [physics.hist-ph]

History and Philosophy of Physics (physics.hist-ph); High Energy Physics – Theory (hep-th)

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