Superconductivity

Por • 22 jun, 2021 • Sección: Opinion

Superconductivity is a macroscopic quantum phenomenon, with complex and rich physical behaviors which have driven the interest and imagination of several generations of physicists. It was discovered in 1911, before the development of quantum mechanics, and it took almost half a century before the first comprehensive microscopic theory, BCS theory, was formulated. For a material to be classified as a superconductor, experiments have to demonstrate superconductivity, the flow of electrical current without dissipation in a state of practically zero electrical resistivity, perfect or partial diamagnetism associated with the Meissner–Ochsenfeld effect, and the Josephson effect, which is able to address the existence of the quantum macroscopic wave function of the superconducting state, in particular the importance of its phase. 

Superconductivity is one of the most common ground states of the matter, and nowadays, more than 12,000 superconducting materials are known. Measured critical temperatures are approaching room temperature, even though under extremely high pressures, new superconducting materials are continuously discovered and characterized, with the aim to achieve room temperature and ambient pressure superconductivity. Scientific research on superconductivity occupies not only a large portion of condensed matter physics, but ideas, theoretical methods, numerical techniques, fabrications, material synthesis, and experimental approaches developed in more than one century of studies to understand and control one of the most intriguing quantum phenomena in nature, have extended in several other fields of physics: atomic and nuclear physics, astrophysics, high energy physics, statistical mechanics and networks. 

Technological applications of superconductivity range from the nano to the macroscale: quantum sensors and high-precisions metrology, superconducting electronics, quantum computing, generation of giant magnetic fields, transport of large supercurrents, magnetic levitation, storage of electro-magnetic energy, high speed motors. 

The scope of the section “Superconductivity: Theory, Numerical Simulations, Experiments” of our journal seeks to offer a highly interactive arena for authors and readers, in order to report and discuss their recent achievements in this field.

Prof. Dr. Andrea Perali
Section Editor-in-Chief

Keywords

  • High-Tc cuprate superconductors
  • Iron-based superconductors
  • Hydrogen-rich superconductors and superconductivity under extreme pressure
  • New organic and graphene-based superconductors
  • New superconducting materials for novel quantum phenomena
  • Multicomponent and multiband superconductivity: novel quantum states, BCS-BEC crossover, multichannel superconducting fluctuations, Lifshitz transitions
  • Superconductivity at the nanoscale: shape resonances and quantum confinement, dimensional crossover
  • Topological superconductors
  • Disordered and granular superconductivity
  • Vortex matter and unconventional vortex configurations
  • Electron-hole superfluidity in layered heterostructures
  • Hybrid magnetic-superconducting systems and hybrid heterostructures, coexistence of quantum phases
  • Innovative numerical methods: ab initio electronic structures and electron-phonon coupling, quantum Monte Carlo, machine learning for material discovery
  • Novel superconducting phenomena for technological applications: quantum sensors and particle-photon detectors, quantum computing, superconducting electronics

Editorial Board

Click here to see the Section Editorial Board of «Superconductivity».

Special Issues

Following special issues within this section are currently open for submissions:

Papers Published

Click here to see a list of 29 papers published in this section

 A section of Condensed Matter (ISSN 2410-3896).

https://www.mdpi.com/journal/condensedmatter/sections/superconductivity

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