Hemeroteca de la sección ‘Política’

Sino-Venezuelan lawsuit shows bilateral relationship based on commercial principles

Por • 7 dic, 2017 • Category: Política

A US subsidiary of Sinopec, China’s top oil refiner, has sued PDVSA for a May 2012 contract to supply $43.5 million worth of steel rebar, half of which it said remained unpaid, according to a report from the Financial Times on Thursday. The suit, while involving a relatively small sum, still demonstrates that the bilateral economic and trade relationship is based on normal commercial ties. Business is business. Chinese companies should make legal preparations for potential risks when pursuing overseas projects, while companies in the host countries should also be aware of their legal obligations. The exchange of practical benefits is what makes cooperation sustainable.



Analysis: Aims and Implications of China’s Military Involvement in Syria

Por • 4 dic, 2017 • Category: Política

China is deploying troops to train, advice and assist in Syria. The decision comes after Syrian Presidential Advisor Bouthaina Shaaban met Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi on Nov.24. Islamic militants from East Turkestan (China’s Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region) have shown up in increasing numbers in Syria’s north recently. The Syrian government claims that some 5,000 fighters of Uyghur origin have arrived in Syria, illegally passing through Southeast Asia and Turkey. The Turkistan Islamic Party (TIP) of Uyghur jihadists is affiliated with al-Qaeda. Chinese jihadists are fighting alongside the Al-Qaeda-linked Hay’at Tahrir Al-Sham terrorist group. They call for separation of Xinjiang from China to create an independent state of Eastern Turkestan.



US, NK should not make China scapegoat

Por • 2 dic, 2017 • Category: Política

Tensions escalated after North Korea launched a new Hwasong-15 intercontinental ballistic missile that could reach the US mainland. The US is threatening extreme sanctions such as curbing oil supplies and is pushing for other countries to sever ties with Pyongyang. The pressure for the US to slap extreme sanctions on North Korea falls once again on China and the risk of war is rising. China will face difficult choices, but at least we can say China has tried its best. We can neither persuade Pyongyang nor sway the opinion of Washington. The only thing China can do next is to firmly uphold its principles, strive to alleviate tensions while at the same time preparing for the worst.



China’s North Korea Debate: Redrawing the Red Line

Por • 28 nov, 2017 • Category: Política

In China, the North Korean issue is a sensitive topic. However, as tensions rise on the Korean peninsula, the space for Chinese experts to express their opinion critical towards Pyongyang has gradually widened, suggesting a shift of thinking on North Korea within the Chinese government. A speech by the prominent historian Shen Zhihua at Dalian University in March this year drew much attention in Western media for criticizing the Chinese government policy toward North Korea and calling China’s long-standing ally a “latent enemy.” Remarkably, the speech has not been censored and still can be accessed on the website of the East China Normal University.



Driving Forces to Increase Pressure on Venezuela’s Dictatorship

Por • 3 nov, 2017 • Category: Política

Sunday’s gubernatorial elections reconfirmed that Venezuela’s democracy cannot be restored by constitutional means. The current regime is led by a corrupt cabal unwilling to give up its concentrated power, after causing an unprecedented humanitarian, economic, and political crisis. Under unfair and nontransparent election procedures, the National Electoral Council—Consejo Nacional Electoral (CNE)—announced, despite multiple polls predicting the reverse, that pro-regime governors had won two-thirds of all seats. As the opposition challenges the results, Venezuelans and the international community are asking the same question: how can we help restore democracy in Venezuela?



Venezuela: ¿Por qué volvió a ganar el chavismo

Por • 26 oct, 2017 • Category: Política

El pasado domingo 15 de octubre fue un día muy especial en Venezuela. Contra casi todos los pronósticos, el oficialista Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela (PSUV) obtuvo un triunfo holgado en las elecciones para gobernadores y dejó a la oposición contra las cuerdas. En el medio de la crisis económica más fuerte en la historia moderna del país, el gobierno pudo asestar un duro golpe a la moral de la oposición que aseguraba representar al 85% del electorado y obtuvo 18 de las 23 gobernaciones en juego. Completamente atónitos, gobiernos de Estados Unidos, España, Argentina y de otros países hostiles al chavismo, declararon írrita la elección y victimizaron a los vencidos. Cabría preguntarse cómo, por qué y cuándo se gestó una derrota tan inesperada por la «comunidad internacional» antichavista y cuáles son las perspectivas para un futuro inmediato que se torna aciago para quienes enfrentan al gobierno.



Alfredo Toro Hardy: Venezuela y la reverencia a China

Por • 19 oct, 2017 • Category: Política

Bajo la premisa de Deng Xiaoping de “esconder la propia fortaleza y ganar tiempo”, Pekín tuvo particular cuidado en no presentarse ante propios y extraños como un gigante con apetitos hegemónicos. Esa fase quedó ya atrás y China no esconde su deseo de hacer de los mares que la circundan el equivalente de lo que hizo Estados Unidos con la Cuenca del Caribe. Para Venezuela, ese mismo punto dos contiene una afirmación profundamente preocupante. De acuerdo a lo allí planteado, China asume una visión de estratificación jerárquica con todos aquellos Estados que en cualquier parte del mundo le resulten económica o políticamente subordinados. Una deuda que supera los cincuenta mil millones de dólares, y que sigue en ascenso, obviamente califica como subordinación económica. Todavía no es claro cómo ello puede traducirse en términos de una relación estratificada. Sin embargo, una sola cosa resulta clara. Para un Estado-civilización que a lo largo de cinco mil años de historia se percibió como centro del universo, toda condición tributaria exigirá de reverencias profundas.



The Chinese Dimension of the USA-China-Russia Triangle Today

Por • 4 oct, 2017 • Category: Política

In order not to give you merely dry, theoretical considerations, I would like to begin my presentation by describing the dramatic situation taking shape in the world today, which is being trumpeted in mass media like CNN, ABC, Euronews, and so forth. Almost everybody is focussed on the Korean situation. Just now, before leaving the hotel this morning, I was watching the latest news from CNN, which reported on the special statement made by U.S. Secretary of State Kerry in Seoul, South Korea. He said that the United States, like the entire world, is extremely concerned about the nuclear threat from North Korea, and that the USA is extending its hand for dialogue with North Korea, and cancelling a number of maneuvers. Then Kerry got to the core of his speech, saying that he was now going to fly to Beijing, and that it was the Chinese leadership, the Chinese comrades, who should play the decisive role in settling the current crisis, which includes the threat of a military conflict with the use of nuclear weapons.



Stable Sino-US ties buttress of world order

Por • 28 sep, 2017 • Category: Política

This year has been eventful in terms of international relations, but still sufficiently stable thanks to the overall constant Sino-US relationship playing a key role as a buttress. Frictions between China and the US have not undermined bilateral relations. While the two countries have experienced numerous problems, cooperation remains the theme. The major-power relationship built on this basis has affected how people look at international relations and brought a sense of stability to the world. The China-US summit won’t supply a panacea for the nuclear crisis or trade disputes. But the two leaders’ reciprocal visits have consolidated the belief of both peoples and the whole world that major issues must be solved through cooperation. They have helped find the common grounds of the two countries and thus enormously reduced the risks of strategic miscalculations accumulated due to impatience and lack of strategic trust.



La democracia como ideología

Por • 26 ago, 2017 • Category: Política

Damos por supuesto que la democracia es un sistema político con múltiples variantes «realmente existentes». Por ello podríamos afirmar (valiéndonos de una fórmula que el mismo Aristóteles utilizó en otros contextos) que la democracia «se dice de muchas maneras». Pero la democracia es también un «sistema de ideologías», es decir, de ideas confusas, por no decir erróneas, que figuran como contenidos de una falsa conciencia, vinculada a los intereses de determinados grupos o clases sociales, en tanto se enfrentan mutuamente de un modo más o menos explícito o encubierto. ¿Es posible según esto analizar las democracias «realmente existentes» al margen de las ideologías que las envuelven y que envuelven también al analista? No entraremos aquí en esta cuestión, puesto que nuestro objetivo es hablar más que de las democracias realmente existentes, de las ideologías que envuelven a estas democracias, sin necesidad de comenzar negando que las democracias puedan ser algo más que meras ideologías, y aun sin perjuicio de reconocer la necesidad de componentes ideológicos en la misma estructura de las democracias que existen realmente, por hipótesis. Comenzaremos presentando un par de consideraciones previas que sirvan de referencia de lo que entendemos por «realidad» en el momento de hablar de las democracias como nombre de realidades existentes en el mundo político efectivo.