Artículos con la etiqueta ‘adaptación’

Complex Systems: A Survey

Por • 9 dic, 2011 • Category: Filosofía

A complex system is a system composed of many interacting parts, often called agents, which displays collective behavior that does not follow trivially from the behaviors of the individual parts. Examples include condensed matter systems, ecosystems, stock markets and economies, biological evolution, and indeed the whole of human society. Substantial progress has been made in the quantitative understanding of complex systems, particularly since the 1980s, using a combination of basic theory, much of it derived from physics, and computer simulation. The subject is a broad one, drawing on techniques and ideas from a wide range of areas. Here I give a survey of the main themes and methods of complex systems science and an annotated bibliography of resources, ranging from classic papers to recent books and reviews.

Evolutionary Mechanics: new engineering principles for the emergence of flexibility in a dynamic and uncertain world

Por • 7 feb, 2011 • Category: Ciencia y tecnología

Engineered systems are designed to deftly operate under predetermined conditions yet are notoriously fragile when unexpected perturbations arise. In contrast, biological systems operate in a highly flexible manner; learn quickly adequate responses to novel conditions, and evolve new routines/traits to remain competitive under persistent environmental change.

an Lagrangian Systems be Better than Hamiltonian Systems at Approximating Biological Evolution?

Por • 7 feb, 2011 • Category: Ambiente

Evolutionary processes and their major features have commonalities with a diverse range of physical phenomena. Models of fitness or adaptation currently used in theoretical biology are similar to Hamiltonian-based representations of dynamical systems in terms of inspiration and major assumptions.