Artículos con la etiqueta ‘Alan Turing’

Towards common-sense reasoning via conditional simulation: legacies of Turing in Artificial Intelligence

Por • 25 dic, 2012 • Category: Crítica

The problem of replicating the flexibility of human common-sense reasoning has captured the imagination of computer scientists since the early days of Alan Turing’s foundational work on computation and the philosophy of artificial intelligence. In the intervening years, the idea of cognition as computation has emerged as a fundamental tenet of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and cognitive science. But what kind of computation is cognition? We describe a computational formalism centered around a probabilistic Turing machine called QUERY, which captures the operation of probabilistic conditioning via conditional simulation. Through several examples and analyses, we demonstrate how the QUERY abstraction can be used to cast common-sense reasoning as probabilistic inference in a statistical model of our observations and the uncertain structure of the world that generated that experience. This formulation is a recent synthesis of several research programs in AI and cognitive science, but it also represents a surprising convergence of several of Turing’s pioneering insights in AI, the foundations of computation, and statistics.

Alan Turing and the Origins of Complexity

Por • 9 oct, 2011 • Category: Filosofía

The 75th anniversary of Turing’s seminal paper and his centennial year anniversary occur in 2011 and 2012, respectively. It is natural to review and assess Turing’s contributions in diverse fields in the light of new developments that his thoughts has triggered in many scientific communities. Here, the main idea is to discuss how the work of Turing allows us to change our views on the foundations of Mathematics, much like quantum mechanics changed our conception of the world of Physics. Basic notions like computability and universality are discussed in a broad context, making special emphasis on how the notion of complexity can be given a precise meaning after Turing, i.e., not just qualitative but also quantitative. Turing’s work is given some historical perspective with respect to some of his precursors, contemporaries and mathematicians who took up his ideas farther.