Artículos con la etiqueta ‘antecedentes históricos’

Xi embraces China’s big dream

Por • 6 abr, 2013 • Category: Política

The «Dream of the Renaissance» of a powerful China has preoccupied China’s leaders since 1949. During the 1950s, Mao Zedong, resorting to utopian and illogical measures, unveiled the Great Leap Forward campaign with an aim of transforming China from an agrarian economy into a modern society through rapid industrialization and collectivization. In the end, the campaign was disastrous economically and socially, resulted in the Great Famine, turned into the Great Leap Backward, and brought China to the brink of social collapse. Deng Xiaoping started reforms in 1978 with four ambitious modernizations with less focus on ideology and greater importance to pragmatism, captured in his famous axiom: «It doesn’t matter whether a cat is white or black as long as it catches mice.» Deng’s economic reforms transformed China from a backward and isolated society into a global power, creating every favorable conditions for Xi to invoke a Great Renaissance of the Chinese nation.