Artículos con la etiqueta ‘colaboración académica’

Revealing the intricate effect of collaboration on innovation

Por • 15 sep, 2013 • Category: Educacion

We study the Japan and U.S. patent records of several decades to demonstrate the effect of collaboration on innovation. We find that statistically inventor teams slightly outperform solo inventors while company teams perform equally well as solo companies. By tracking the performance record of individual teams we find that inventor teams’ performance generally degrades with more repeat collaborations. Though company teams’ performance displays strongly bursty behavior, long-term collaboration does not significantly help innovation at all. To systematically study the effect of repeat collaboration, we define the repeat collaboration number of a team as the average number of collaborations over all the teammate pairs. We find that mild repeat collaboration improves the performance of Japanese inventor teams and U.S. company teams.

Social Capital and Individual Performance: A Study of Academic Collaboration

Por • 17 ene, 2012 • Category: Ambiente

Studies on social networks highlight the importance of network structure or structural properties of a given network and its impact on performance outcome. One of the important properties of this network structure is referred as «social capital» which is the «network of contacts» and the associated values attached to these networks of contacts. In this study, our aim is to provide empirical evidence of the influence of social capital and performance within the context of academic collaboration. We suggest that the collaborative process involves social capital embedded within relationships and network structures among direct co-authors. Thus, we examine whether scholars’ social capital is associated with their citation-based performance, using co-authorship and citation data. In order to test and validate our proposed hypotheses, we extract publication records from Scopus having «information science» in their title or keywords or abstracts during 2001 and 2010.