Artículos con la etiqueta ‘comercio’

A new world order and China’s key role

Por • 2 nov, 2013 • Category: Economía

Friedrich List, in his National System of Political Economy (1841), asserted that political economy as espoused in England at that time, far from being a valid science universally, was merely British national opinion, suited only to English historical conditions. List’s institutional school of economics asserted that the doctrine of free trade was devised to keep England rich and powerful at the expense of its trading partners and that it had to be fought with protective tariffs and other devices of economic nationalism by the weaker countries. List’s economic nationalism influenced Asian leaders, including Sun Yat-sen of China, who proposed industrial policies financed with sovereign credit. List was also the influence behind the Meiji Reform Movement of 1868 in Japan. Alexander Hamilton, by proposing the US Treasury using tax revenue to assume and pay off all public debts incurred by the Confederation in his 1791 Report on Public Debt, through the establishment of a national bank, provided the new nation with sovereign credit in the form of paper money for development. China, as the largest economy in the Asia-Pacific region, and potentially the largest in the world, has a key role to play in shaping this new world economic order. To do that, China must look beyond its current myopic effort to join a collapsing global export market economy and provide a model of national development in which foreign trade is reassigned to its proper place in the economy from its current all-consuming priority. The first step in that direction is for China to free itself from dollar hegemony and embark on a domestic development program with sovereign credit.



NSA’s Global Economic Intelligence Net

Por • 16 oct, 2013 • Category: Política

A classified NSA slide released by Snowden reveals the United States cannot determine whether the following countries are «friends, enemies, or problems». Included on the NSA list are Brazil, Egypt, India, Iran, Mexico, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Turkey, and Yemen. As has been seen in the past, when it comes to spying on economic secrets, NSA only sees American «interests», not allies or friends, even among its Five Eyes partners



América Latina: ¿la era de las vacas flacas?

Por • 11 ago, 2013 • Category: Nacionales

La época de las vacas flacas demorará en llegar para algunos y para otros nunca llegará



La farsa del libre comercio

Por • 21 jul, 2013 • Category: Internacionales

Si los negociadores crearan un régimen de libre comercio auténtico, en el que se concediera a las opiniones de los ciudadanos de a pie al menos tanta importancia como a las de los grupos de presión empresariales, yo podría sentirme optimista, en el sentido de que el resultado fortalecería la economía y mejoraría el bienestar social. Sin embargo, la realidad es que tenemos un régimen de comercio dirigido, que coloca por delante los intereses empresariales, y un proceso de negociaciones que no es democrático ni transparente.



An alternative route for China’s ascent

Por • 24 abr, 2013 • Category: Política

China should not clash with the rest of the world or with the incumbent powers, but should lead alongside them. China speaks of a dream of living a good life, free of need and hunger. Yet, it is far from enough to define a dream based on the characteristics of the America dream, which currently dominates the global ideology. China’s world view needs in fact to be consistent with the broad world view that has shaped and dominated the world for the past 500 years. It’s also clear that America used the strength of its ideals to fight the USSR during the Cold War, when the two value systems were in conflict. Eventually, the American liberal system prevailed and the idea of exporting communism was defeated. In fact, the idea of exporting communism was so defeated that even surviving communist countries like China, Vietnam, Cuba, and North Korea, while theoretically supporting the idea of promoting communism at home, have long given up on the spread of supporting communism abroad. That is, they recognize communism is no longer a universal value.



China eyes post-Chavez oil axis

Por • 14 mar, 2013 • Category: Economía

CNOOC chief executive Fanrong Li recently sought to dispel such fears at an energy conference in Houston. He dismissed the notion that China intends to exclusively “hold each barrel” it extracts: “This notion does not make any commercial sense. We sell our products at [the] best available distribution systems to maximize commercial value.” [3] Essentially, Li has stated that CNOOC’s acquisitions are driven more by a desire for profit than a Chinese yearning for strategic energy ascendancy. Li’s reassurances seem to ring true, at least for the time being. Most of the oil that Venezuela owes to China never arrives in China’s ports. According to Kevin Jianjun Tu of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, “Chinese NOCs [national oil corporations] sell most of their Venezuela-sourced oil in the open market in order to avoid the high logistic costs associated with long-haul shipping to China.” [4] In other words, China receives Venezuelan oil at a discount, and then sells this oil at market prices – presumably to refineries in the United States.



Venezuela After Chavez

Por • 8 mar, 2013 • Category: sociologia

Nicolas Maduro badly needs the support of China, Brazil and Russia, the countries Chavez counted on while taking foreign policy decisions. Igor Sechin, the executive chairman of Rosneft, will lead the Russian delegation at the funeral. He has done a lot to foster the Russia-Venezuela relations. The Russian team also includes Denis Manturov Minister of Trade and Industry of the Russian Federation and Sergey Chemezov, Director-General of Russian Technologies State Corporation. The composition of the delegation clearly shows the visit will not be limited by representative functions only. The delegation has a goal to prevent the unfolding if events according to the Washington’s destabilization plan and render any possible support to Nicolas Maduro. Liberal media already predicts that Russia would suffer great financial and material loss in Venezuela. It makes the forecasts with an artificially dramatic tinge: the United States will achieve its goal, the Russia’s investments in the Orinoco Belt and other areas of Venezuela will be lost, and the huge loan for Russian arms acquisition will vanish in the hays. The opposition will come to power and make sweep away all those who don’t curry favor with Washington, like the Chinese, the Russian, the Brazilians



Chavez demonized by Western opinion

Por • 8 mar, 2013 • Category: Internacionales

Latin American countries have a love-hate relationship with the US. The popularity of leftist leaders in Latin America can be attributed to the strong anti-US sentiment shared among their people. However, economic development cannot take place without US support.



The historical significance of Mao

Por • 14 ene, 2013 • Category: Internacionales

The dissolution of the USSR in 1991 led to a precipitous socio-economic decline for Russia as it went through shock treatment to rush headlong into market capitalism as advised by US neo-liberal economists. In contrast, China’s economic reform since 1978 has produced spectacular growth, albeit along with a host of unsustainable socio-economic penalties and problems. This is primarily because China has not yet totally refuted Mao Zedong Thought as Khrushchev did with de-Stalinization.



Venezuela y China firman acuerdos sobre proyectos eléctricos y petroleros

Por • 3 dic, 2012 • Category: Nacionales

Entre los convenios se encuentra el desarrollo de la ingeniería para el desarrollo de 900 megavatios de energía eléctrica con base a coque petrolero y carbón. Igualmente, se acordaron nuevas áreas de prospección petrolera.