Artículos con la etiqueta ‘corea del norte’

Los fantasmas de 1914 rondan a China y Japón

Por • 6 feb, 2014 • Category: Internacionales

El primer ministro japonés, Shinzo Abe, comparó recientemente el conflicto emergente entre su país y China con la relación angloalemana de 1914. En ambos casos, los dos países mantuvieron relaciones económicas, incluso mientras fortalecían sus fuerzas armadas. La relación comercial entre Gran Bretaña y Alemania no impidió que se desatara la catastrófica guerra. En la era moderna, los dos países fueron a la guerra en 1894. Duró nueve meses y Japón tomó Taiwán como botín de la victoria. Fue el comienzo del ascenso imperial japonés. Más tarde anexaría Corea, expandiría su influencia en China durante la Primera Guerra Mundial, se apoderaría de Manchuria y tomaría las principales ciudades chinas en el período previo a la Segunda Guerra Mundial (1939-1945). En los últimos años, sin embargo, el resurgido Japón y la China en constante crecimiento se encontraron en la misma montaña. La referencia de Abe a 1914, a pesar de sus llamados a la paz y estabilidad de la región, sugieren que se aproxima un grave enfrentamiento.



Second-guessing Korean War no help

Por • 27 jul, 2013 • Category: Internacionales

The Korean War and the current situation on the peninsula have been inherited from history and have been integrated into China’s development. It is useless to second-guess what could have happened if China had not joined the war. For China, that war has faded away. For the North Koreans however, it rages on. Compared with 60 years ago, the international situation confronting Pyongyang and people’s lives have not improved, and have in some ways gotten worse. North Korea has to take some responsibility, but not all of it – a vulnerable country like this cannot even grasp its own destiny, let alone the international situation.



China nears point of no return with Kim

Por • 26 may, 2013 • Category: Internacionales

Beijing fought against Vietnam in 1979 with America’s blessing, only to find that Vietnam loathed China and a few decades later sided with America in containing Beijing. Who wouldn’t bet that this time Beijing would face a similar outcome if it moved against North Korea? Moreover, there is a convergence of agendas in Beijing and Seoul, with neither willing to support 23 million starving North Koreans after a regime collapse. Last but not least, there is Beijing’s general insecurity about control of the general political climate in the world. That is, the US managed to fail brutally in Iraq, it has blown things up in Afghanistan, and it even has left neighboring Mexico under the threat of heavily armed drug lords – and yet it is still in control of the overall international situation. China, conversely, has moved over a billion people out of dire poverty, dramatically changed the ruling system, and never created any problem the size of Iraq or Afghanistan – but it is under constant scrutiny. China can’t afford to fail in any situation because it has little or no control over the general political climate. This begs the question of how China can gain some control of political climate. The US does it through a complex alchemy of internal and external political structures.



North Korea cannot justify its overreaction

Por • 10 abr, 2013 • Category: Internacionales

North Korea yesterday warned foreigners and foreign organizations in South Korea to take evacuation measures in case a war breaks out. According to media reports, the North is planning to test-launch a mid-range Musudan missile. Some South Korean media even reported that the North would conduct its fourth nuclear test. The tensions the North Korean regime is creating have shocked the world. Although most analysts believe there’s little possibility of a war in the Korean Peninsula, heated discussions over the risk of war have affected the situation in Northeast Asia. The outside world is not sure whether the North’s young leader truly understands the implications of playing the “war” card. Many believe the Korean Peninsula is experiencing a special test.



A Bomb in the Year of the Snake

Por • 15 feb, 2013 • Category: Internacionales

Clearly, China’s political relationship with Pyongyang has touched a low point. But then, what about China’s longstanding priorities? These are: no war on the Korean Peninsula; no destabilization of the North Korean regime; and, a nuclear-weapon-free Korean Peninsula. On the other hand, there is also the big picture to consider – the “new type of relationship between two great powers”, which Xi spoke about during his visit to the US. Thus, in many ways, it all boils down to how Xi visualizes the US-China relationship on the whole. Clearly, China finds itself between a rock and a hard place with the North Korean nuclear test



Beijing nurtures new foreign policy thinking

Por • 14 feb, 2013 • Category: Política

Finally, Beijing is easing up on the Senkaku Islands issue. This week, Tokyo publicly accused the Chinese navy of locking her missile tracking radar on two Japanese naval vessels. According to military experts, this had happened in the past but before it was never made public. This kind of action – the “provocation” of deciding to give publicity to an event which is not really new – would normally make Beijing feel backed into a corner and spark a new Chinese outcry. This time however, Beijing has chosen to play down the controversy by announcing an investigation into the matter and by claiming that the Chinese ships were not pointed at anything. China sees the complexity of international relations and recognizes that to solve the issue of the islands it must look at the broader picture. Americans may not care too much about the Senkakus and may be more concerned about much more delicate North Korea. On this, Beijing takes a very strong, public stand, which is exceptional for them since the Americans have taken a softer tone, although they are always firm. China has also increasingly distanced itself from Iran in recent months. China has reduced its oil imports, and Americans recognize that China’s new position has been instrumental in pushing Iran toward a more conciliatory attitude to nuclear talks.



China should not fear NK disputes

Por • 9 feb, 2013 • Category: Internacionales

Pyongyang is important to China, but not important enough to make China give up its diplomatic principles. China maintains that denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula is necessary and insists relevant parties solve problems through negotiations. China is willing to maintain the Sino-North Korean friendship, but Pyongyang should do the same. The two should have same concerns over the possibility the relationship might break down, which would be of no benefit to Pyongyang. North Korea would face an even worse situation, but China could find some ways to compensate for geopolitical losses.



China ‘diplomatically cornered’ by N.Korea nuclear test plan

Por • 7 feb, 2013 • Category: Internacionales

China has been diplomatically cornered by North Korea’s attempt to go ahead with a third nuclear test, analysts said, as South Korea sent its chief nuclear envoy to Beijing and urged China to exert its influence on the North. Yonhap Monday quoted a government source in Seoul as saying that senior North Korean officials have recently visited the western tunnel at the Punggye-ri nuclear site in the North’s northeastern tip, further fueling speculation about an imminent test.



Iranian and North Korean Nuclear Programs in the Spotlight

Por • 3 oct, 2012 • Category: Política

Alexander VORONTSOV  01.10.2012. In many regards, the September, 2012 Nonproliferation Conference which convened in Moscow proved to be a remarkable event. Importantly, it combined plenary sessions and talks by invited speakers with six sections on the nuclear themes centered around North Korea and Iran. The conference is a unique forum drawing staunch opponents – representatives […]



Korean borders vital to China’s own security

Por • 20 dic, 2010 • Category: Crítica

Beijing should make it clear to North Korea, South Korea, the US and Japan that peace in North Korea is important to China’s core national interests