Artículos con la etiqueta ‘Deng Xiaoping’

¿Qué capitalismo es el chino?

Por • 21 dic, 2013 • Category: sociologia

El programa de reformas lanzado por Deng Xiaoping en 1978 pretendía construir las bases para la modernización socialista del país. Pero produjo el más espectacular proceso de desarrollo capitalista de la historia. Paradójicamente, las condiciones para esta transformación provienen de los logros “burgueses” de la revolución maoísta de 1949. El espectacular ascenso económico de China, por lo tanto, no es simplemente el resultado de las reformas de mercado de Deng Xiaoping y sus sucesores. También le debe mucho a los logros “burgueses” positivos de la Revolución de 1949. La herencia real de la revolución no fue el socialismo, un objetivo todavía proclamado ritualmente en Pekín, sino más bien el moderno objetivo nacionalista de la riqueza y el poder del Estado-nación.



Xi embraces China’s big dream

Por • 6 abr, 2013 • Category: Política

The «Dream of the Renaissance» of a powerful China has preoccupied China’s leaders since 1949. During the 1950s, Mao Zedong, resorting to utopian and illogical measures, unveiled the Great Leap Forward campaign with an aim of transforming China from an agrarian economy into a modern society through rapid industrialization and collectivization. In the end, the campaign was disastrous economically and socially, resulted in the Great Famine, turned into the Great Leap Backward, and brought China to the brink of social collapse. Deng Xiaoping started reforms in 1978 with four ambitious modernizations with less focus on ideology and greater importance to pragmatism, captured in his famous axiom: «It doesn’t matter whether a cat is white or black as long as it catches mice.» Deng’s economic reforms transformed China from a backward and isolated society into a global power, creating every favorable conditions for Xi to invoke a Great Renaissance of the Chinese nation.



DENG XIAOPING’S STRATEGIC THOUGHT

Por • 21 mar, 2011 • Category: Educacion

Deng Xiaoping’s strategic thoughts were formed and developed under the new historic conditions after the proletariat had gained power. They are based on the practice of Chinese socialist modernization as well as peaceful development in the world. Therefore we can say that Deng Xiaoping’s strategic thoughts have modern China and the world as the framework, with their main goal as the peaceful development of China and the world at large. They can be epitomized in three major parts: international strategic thoughts, national development strategic thoughts, and national security strategic thoughts.