Artículos con la etiqueta ‘G.W.F. Hegel’

How do life, economy and other complex systems escape the heat death?

Por • 6 feb, 2014 • Category: Opinion

The primordial confrontation underlying the existence of our universe can be conceived as the battle between entropy and complexity. The law of ever-increasing entropy (Boltzmann H-theorem) evokes an irreversible, one-directional evolution (or rather involution) going uniformly and monotonically from birth to death. Since the 19th century, this concept is one of the cornerstones and in the same time puzzles of statistical mechanics. On the other hand, there is the empirical experience where one witnesses the emergence, growth and diversification of new self-organized objects with ever-increasing complexity. When modeling them in terms of simple discrete elements one finds that the emergence of collective complex adaptive objects is a rather generic phenomenon governed by a new type of laws. These ‘emergence’ laws, not connected directly with the fundamental laws of the physical reality, nor acting ‘in addition’ to them but acting through them were called by Phil Anderson ‘More is Different’, ‘das Maass’ by Hegel etc



Romanticismo, ¿enfermedad infantil del idealismo?

Por • 5 ene, 2014 • Category: Educacion

El filósofo y germanista Rüdiger Safranski (1945) presenta en su libro Romanticismo: una odisea del espíritu alemán, un recorrido conceptual e histórico, en el que identifica los orígenes de este movimiento, repasa sus momentos de mayor auge y analiza su repercusión en el mundo contemporáneo. El presente artículo examina esta obra repasando los aspectos más relevantes que dicha corriente ha aportado a los ámbitos de la estética y la política. En rigor, el estudio de Safranski{1} distingue entre la época del romanticismo –que abarca el periodo comprendido entre, aproximadamente, las dos últimas décadas del siglo xviii y las dos primeras del xix–, y la actitud de lo romántico, como corriente cultural que ha influido sobre la forma de interpretar la realidad y actuar sobre ella, llegando hasta nuestros días.



Historical Approach to Physics according to Kant, Einstein, and Hegel

Por • 28 ene, 2013 • Category: Crítica

It is known that Einstein’s conceptual base for his theory of relativity was the philosophy formulated by Immanuel Kant. Things appear differently to observers in different frames. However, Kant’s Ding-an-Sich leads to the existence of the absolute reference frame which is not acceptable in Einstein’s theory. It is possible to avoid this conflict using the ancient Chinese philosophy of Taoism where two different views can co-exist in harmony. This is not enough to explain Einstein’s discovery of the mass-energy relation. The energy-momentum relations for slow and ultra-fast particles take different forms. Einstein was able to synthesize these two formulas to create his energy-mass relation. Indeed, this is what Hegelianism is about in physics. Isaac Newton synthesized open orbits for comets and closed orbits for planets to create his second law of motion. Maxwell combined electricity and magnetism to create his four equations to the present-day wireless world. In order to synthesize wave and particle views of matter, Heisenberg formulated his uncertainty principle. Relativity and quantum mechanics are the two greatest theories formulated in the 20th Century. Efforts to synthesize these two theories are discussed in detail.



Autoconsumación del escepticismo y proposición especulativa. El alcance metodológico de dos conceptos claves de la «Fenomenología del Espíritu»

Por • 14 nov, 2012 • Category: Filosofía

Pese a que la doctrina de la proposición especulativa y la propia Fenomenología del Espíritu considerada como un ejercicio escéptico propedéutico fueron elementos de los cuales Hegel prescindió en la presentación y exposición del método (Ciencia de la Lógica= CL), existen núcleos teóricos de carácter general que permanecen en su convicción de cómo ha de exponerse la verdad filosófica. Para tal efecto se exploran ambos conceptos en su conexión con el método filosófico y la crítica al pensar representativo-aseverador. Finalmente se busca corroborar su proyección acudiendo al preámbulo del inicio en CL.