Artículos con la etiqueta ‘Historia de la fìsica en el siglo XX’

Fermi and the Theory of Weak Interactions

Por • 15 mar, 2014 • Category: Educacion

The history of weak interactions starting with Fermi’s creation of the beta decay theory and culminating in its modern avatar in the form of the electroweak gauge theory is described. Discoveries of parity violation, matter-antimatter asymmetry, W and Z bosons and neutrino mass are highlighted.

Reflections on Gibbs: From Statistical Physics to the Amistad

Por • 12 mar, 2014 • Category: Educacion

J. Willard Gibbs, the younger, was the first American physical sciences theorist. He was one of the inventors of statistical physics. He introduced and developed the concepts of phase space, phase transitions, and thermodynamic surfaces in a remarkably correct and elegant manner. These three concepts form the basis of different areas of physics. The connection among these areas has been a subject of deep reflection from Gibbs’ time to our own. This talk therefore tries to celebrate Gibbs by talking about modern ideas about how different parts of physics fit together.

Pathways of History of Elementary Particle Physics

Por • 1 mar, 2014 • Category: Ciencia y tecnología

In this first paper, we briefly retrace some historical pathways of modern physics of 20th Century. In particular, we have considered some moments of cosmic ray physics and, above all, the early theoretical and experimental bases which will lead to the first exact measurements of the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, one of the main high precision tests of QED.