Artículos con la etiqueta ‘Japón’

A grand new strategy for China

Por • 27 feb, 2014 • Category: Internacionales

A major military and diplomatic shift is occurring in Asia. It is pushing China to reconsider its strategic priorities and this is causing a domino effect in regional politics. The change is spawning a maze of new alliances. To prevent everything from unraveling, the US and China must find a new common ground that enables collaboration on the world’s biggest quagmires – Central Asia and Middle East. This is necessary for peace in both the Middle East and the Pacific region.

Los fantasmas de 1914 rondan a China y Japón

Por • 6 feb, 2014 • Category: Internacionales

El primer ministro japonés, Shinzo Abe, comparó recientemente el conflicto emergente entre su país y China con la relación angloalemana de 1914. En ambos casos, los dos países mantuvieron relaciones económicas, incluso mientras fortalecían sus fuerzas armadas. La relación comercial entre Gran Bretaña y Alemania no impidió que se desatara la catastrófica guerra. En la era moderna, los dos países fueron a la guerra en 1894. Duró nueve meses y Japón tomó Taiwán como botín de la victoria. Fue el comienzo del ascenso imperial japonés. Más tarde anexaría Corea, expandiría su influencia en China durante la Primera Guerra Mundial, se apoderaría de Manchuria y tomaría las principales ciudades chinas en el período previo a la Segunda Guerra Mundial (1939-1945). En los últimos años, sin embargo, el resurgido Japón y la China en constante crecimiento se encontraron en la misma montaña. La referencia de Abe a 1914, a pesar de sus llamados a la paz y estabilidad de la región, sugieren que se aproxima un grave enfrentamiento.

America: Hooked on hegemony

Por • 8 ene, 2014 • Category: Internacionales

Lord Acton, the 19th century British historian and politician, famously stated that power corrupts, and absolute power corrupts absolutely. It would appear, however, that the United States has access to a secret Actonian codicil that states, » … but US hegemonic power? That’s frickin’ awesome!» – because the government in Washington seems to be willfully blind to the costs, perils and abuses inherent in the acquisition and assertion of global hegemony. Hegemony – the unmatched ability to direct events, as opposed to power sufficient to protect and deter – is unambiguously baked into US policy. As President Barack Obama put it in a document titled «Sustaining US Global Leadership» understandably asserting that US leadership is «demanded» by the world, rather than pursued as a matter of US interests.

Abe’s shrine visit calls for wider reflection

Por • 6 ene, 2014 • Category: Internacionales

Then, like China with Mao’s legacy, Japan perhaps should go back and find inspiration in its own past. Japan was born again after the American occupation in the 1950s. This occupation, although it retained some of its old imperial gear, broke dramatically with the Japanese past, as it imposed foreign rule on a strongly independent land. Conversely, Japan doesn’t seem to be afraid of itself and ignores the fear it spawns in the rest of Asia. So we have two fears confronting each other: in Japan there is the imperial past, and in China there is Mao’s past, with its legacy of famines and bloody mass revolutions. These two memories stand in the way of a more peaceful balance of power in Asia.

Public debate China-Japan war prospects

Por • 8 nov, 2013 • Category: Política

The recent tensions and incidents between the Chinese and Japanese militaries have led to heated discussions about the possibility and consequences of another Sino-Japanese war among observers from military and academic circles, as well as the public. In the Russian report, Vasiliy Kashin, a senior research fellow at the Moscow-based Center for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies, predicted a «humiliating failure» for China if a war with Japan over the Diaoyu Islands breaks out, citing Japan’s advanced weaponry and personnel training. Another Russian expert cited by the report, Konstantin Sivkov, first vice president of the Academy for Geopolitical Issues, however, believed the Japan Self-Defense Force would lose if China’s leadership is determined to reclaim the disputed islands but indicated that the Chinese military would be defeated by Japan’s ally US. Major General Luo Yuan, a vice president of the China Strategic Culture Promotion Association, told the Global Times that the assessment by Russian experts was inaccurate due to their outdated information, but it reminds China to remain cautious.

Oleoducto unirá a Venezuela y Colombia

Por • 18 oct, 2013 • Category: Nacionales

La canciller de Colombia, María Ángela Holguín, se refirió al “memorando de acuerdo” firmado este miércoles con el Canciller Elías Jaua del cual, precisó, permitirá conectar sus oleoductos en la zona de frontera

TPP a Trojan horse

Por • 30 sep, 2013 • Category: Internacionales

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement is a proposed trade pact that Japan is negotiating with Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, the United States, and Vietnam (as of September 2013). The TPP aims to increase the liberalization of economies in the Pacific region through abolition of tariffs on trade as well as reregulation. Although the TPP negotiations have been held in the name of the people, the draft texts have been shrouded in secrecy not only from the public, but also members of the Diet in Japan, and civil society, thereby precluding public scrutiny and public input. Reportedly, the countries have signed up not to reveal the contents of the agreement for four years after the signing of the agreement. All public information comes from leaked texts. Bizarrely, the TPP makes a special exception to «a group of some 600 trade ‘advisers’, dominated by representatives of big businesses.» The TPP is a Trojan horse, branded as a «free trade» agreement, but having nothing to do with fair and equitable treatment. In reality, it is precisely «a wish list of the 1% – a worldwide corporate power». «Only 5 of its 29 chapters cover traditional trade matters, like tariffs or quotas.» «The other chapters enshrine new rights and privileges for major corporations while weakening the power of nation states to oppose them.»

Philippines, Vietnam take China hedges

Por • 8 ago, 2013 • Category: Política

While Vietnamese President Truong Tan Sang made a symbolic visit to the White House on July 25, an occasion where both countries agreed to move closer towards a full-fledged strategic partnership, the Philippines welcomed Japan’s increasingly emboldened leader, Shinzo Abe, who has vowed to strengthen Tokyo’s strategic depth in Southeast Asia. Despite growing efforts by regional actors, namely China and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), to rein in brewing maritime conflicts in the South China Sea, the evolving disputes represent an intractable challenge to regional security and threaten to escalate into full-blown conflict.

A Bomb in the Year of the Snake

Por • 15 feb, 2013 • Category: Internacionales

Clearly, China’s political relationship with Pyongyang has touched a low point. But then, what about China’s longstanding priorities? These are: no war on the Korean Peninsula; no destabilization of the North Korean regime; and, a nuclear-weapon-free Korean Peninsula. On the other hand, there is also the big picture to consider – the “new type of relationship between two great powers”, which Xi spoke about during his visit to the US. Thus, in many ways, it all boils down to how Xi visualizes the US-China relationship on the whole. Clearly, China finds itself between a rock and a hard place with the North Korean nuclear test

Beijing nurtures new foreign policy thinking

Por • 14 feb, 2013 • Category: Política

Finally, Beijing is easing up on the Senkaku Islands issue. This week, Tokyo publicly accused the Chinese navy of locking her missile tracking radar on two Japanese naval vessels. According to military experts, this had happened in the past but before it was never made public. This kind of action – the «provocation» of deciding to give publicity to an event which is not really new – would normally make Beijing feel backed into a corner and spark a new Chinese outcry. This time however, Beijing has chosen to play down the controversy by announcing an investigation into the matter and by claiming that the Chinese ships were not pointed at anything. China sees the complexity of international relations and recognizes that to solve the issue of the islands it must look at the broader picture. Americans may not care too much about the Senkakus and may be more concerned about much more delicate North Korea. On this, Beijing takes a very strong, public stand, which is exceptional for them since the Americans have taken a softer tone, although they are always firm. China has also increasingly distanced itself from Iran in recent months. China has reduced its oil imports, and Americans recognize that China’s new position has been instrumental in pushing Iran toward a more conciliatory attitude to nuclear talks.