Artículos con la etiqueta ‘la geopolítica de Medio Oriente’

America: Hooked on hegemony

Por • 8 ene, 2014 • Category: Internacionales

Lord Acton, the 19th century British historian and politician, famously stated that power corrupts, and absolute power corrupts absolutely. It would appear, however, that the United States has access to a secret Actonian codicil that states, » … but US hegemonic power? That’s frickin’ awesome!» – because the government in Washington seems to be willfully blind to the costs, perils and abuses inherent in the acquisition and assertion of global hegemony. Hegemony – the unmatched ability to direct events, as opposed to power sufficient to protect and deter – is unambiguously baked into US policy. As President Barack Obama put it in a document titled «Sustaining US Global Leadership» understandably asserting that US leadership is «demanded» by the world, rather than pursued as a matter of US interests.

A Pax Sinica in the Middle East?

Por • 30 oct, 2013 • Category: Política

English-language media completely ignored a noteworthy statement that led Der Spiegel’s German-language website October 12, a call for China to «take on responsibility as a world power» in the Middle East. Penned by Bernhard Zand, the German news organization’s Beijing correspondent, it is terse and to the point: now that China imports more oil from the Middle East than any other country in the world, it must answer for the region’s security. «America’s interest in the Middle East diminishes day by day» as it heads towards energy self-sufficiency, wrote Zand, adding: China’s interest in a peaceful Middle East is enormous, by contrast. Beijing is not only the biggest customer of precisely those oil powers who presently are fanning the flames of conflict in Syria; as a VIP customer, Beijing has growing political influence, which it should use openly. The word of the Chinese foreign minister has just as much weight in Tehran and Riyadh as that of his American counterpart.

US plays Monopoly, Russia plays chess

Por • 17 sep, 2013 • Category: Internacionales

Russia’s persistence on the Syrian issue is the product of this perception. The issue is not sympathy for Syria’s dictator, nor commercial interests, nor naval bases in Tartus. Moscow is certain that if continued crushing of secular authoritarian regimes is allowed because America and the West support «democracy», it will lead to such destabilization that will overwhelm all, including Russia. It’s therefore necessary for Russia to resist, especially as the West and the United States themselves experience increasing doubts.
Russians typically assume that Americans think the way they do, gauging every move by the way it affects the overall position on the board. The notion that incompetence rather than conspiracy explains the vast majority of American actions is foreign to Russian thinking. Whatever the Russian leader thinks, though, he will keep to himself.

La importancia geoestratégica de Egipto

Por • 13 sep, 2013 • Category: Internacionales

Se trata del tercer país más poblado de África (después de Nigeria y Etiopía), con 83.2 millones de habitantes. La economía egipcia es la segunda más importante de África, después de la sudafricana. Aunque su producción petrolera no es importante, su producción de gas coloca a Egipto en el puesto 15 de los países productores. Por el canal Suez no circulan únicamente buques mercantes, sino que también sirve de paso para navíos de guerra. Hay que tener en cuenta que, en determinadas circunstancias, la 6ª Flota de EEUU (encargada del Atlántico, el Mar del Norte y el Mediterráneo y con sede en Nápoles), puede necesitar desplazar unidades para reforzar a la 5ª Flota (encargada del Golfo Pérsico, Mar Rojo, Mar Arábigo y costa oriental de África, con sede en Barein) o viceversa.

La Esfinge de Egipto mira hacia Siria

Por • 14 jul, 2013 • Category: Internacionales

Cada vez parece más que la solución del acertijo egipcio nos llevará a todos a Siria. La gran pregunta es en qué medida el golpe del ejército en Egipto reajusta la geopolítica de Medio Oriente, o, al contrario, si el propio golpe representa el comienzo de un cambio tectónico en toda la región que se va a materializar con el pasar del tiempo, esta es la gran pregunta. La serie de eventos de esta semana indica que lo último podría ser el caso. Sin duda, incluso según los estándares de Medio Oriente, la semana pasada ha sido extraordinaria.