Artículos con la etiqueta ‘números primos’

A Study of Kummer’s Proof of Fermat’s Last Theorem for Regular Primes

Por • 19 jul, 2013 • Category: Educacion

We study Kummer’s approach towards proving the Fermat’s last Theorem for regular primes. Some basic algebraic prerequisites are also discussed in this report, and also a brief history of the problem is mentioned. We review among other things the Class number formula, and use this formula to conclude our study.



Character and object

Por • 21 sep, 2012 • Category: Filosofía

In 1837, Dirichlet proved that there are infinitely many primes in any arithmetic progression in which the terms do not all share a common factor. We survey implicit and explicit uses of Dirichlet characters in presentations of Dirichlet’s proof in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, with an eye towards understanding some of the pragmatic pressures that shaped the evolution of modern mathematical method. We also discuss similar pressures evident in Frege’s treatment of functions, and the nature of mathematical objects.