Artículos con la etiqueta ‘partículas’

From old to new particles: a simple symmetry is guiding us

Por • 5 ene, 2013 • Category: Leyes

There exists one experimental result that cannot be explained by the Standard Model (SM), the current theoretical framework for particle physics: non-zero masses for the neutrinos (elementary particles travelling close to light speed, electrically neutral and weakly interacting). The SM erroneously assumes that they are massless. Therefore, particle physicists are now exploring new physics beyond the SM. There is strong anticipation that we are about to unravel it, in the form of new matter and/or forces, at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), presently running at CERN. We discuss a minimal extension of the SM, based on a somewhat larger version of its symmetry structure and particle content, that can naturally explain the existence of neutrino masses while also predicting novel signals accessible at the LHC, including a light Higgs boson, as evidenced by current data.

There are no particles, there are only fields

Por • 23 abr, 2012 • Category: Crítica

Quantum foundations are still unsettled, with harmful effects on science and society. By now it should be possible to obtain consensus on at least one issue: Are the fundamental constituents fields or particles? Experiment and theory imply a universe made of unbounded fields rather than bounded particles. This is especially clear for relativistic quantum systems, and it follows that non-relativistic quantum systems must also be made of fields. Particles are epiphenomena arising from real fields. Thus the Schroedinger field is not a probability amplitude for «finding, upon measurement, a particle» but rather a real space-filling field; the field for an electron is the electron; each electron comes through both slits in the 2-slit experiment and spreads over the entire pattern; and quantum physics is about interactions of microscopic systems with the macroscopic world rather than just about measurements. It’s important to clarify this issue because textbooks still teach a particles- and measurement-oriented interpretation that leads to bewilderment among students and pseudoscience among the public. This article reviews classical and quantum fields, the 2-slit experiment, rigorous theorems showing that particles are inconsistent with relativistic quantum theory, and several phenomena demonstrating that particles are incompatible with quantum field theories.