Artículos con la etiqueta ‘URSS’

The Universe, the Cold War, and Dialectical Materialism

Por • 11 abr, 2012 • Category: sociologia

Ideological considerations have always influenced science, but rarely as directly and massively as in the Soviet Union during the early Cold War period. Cosmology was among the sciences that became heavily politicized and forced to conform to the doctrines of Marxism-Leninism. This field of science developed entirely differently in the Communist countries than in the West, in large measure because of political pressure. Certain cosmological models, in particular of the big bang type, were declared pseudo-scientific and idealistic because they implied a cosmic creation, a concept which was taken to be religious. The result of the ideological pressure was not an independent Soviet cosmology, but that astronomers and physicists abandoned cosmological research in the Western sense. Only in the 1960s did this situation change, and cosmology in the Soviet Union began to flourish. The paper examines the relationship between science and political ideology in the case of the Soviet Union from about 1947 to 1963, and it also relates this case to the later one in the People’s Republic of China.

Mathematics and Economics of Leonid Kantorovich

Por • 29 ene, 2011 • Category: Economía

This is a short overview of the contribution of Leonid Kantorovich into the formation of the modern outlook on the interaction between mathematics and economics

Vladimir Poutine et l’Empire eurasiatique de la Fin

Por • 6 ene, 2011 • Category: sociologia

Or c’est bien au-dessus de cette fosse commune déliquescente que va devoir se lever, bientôt, et de quelle manière inattendue, l’immense tourbillon de feu de l’entreprise révolutionnaire grand-européenne de salut et de libération visant à mettre en piste, politiquement et historiquement, ce qu’il est déjà convenu d’appeler l’Empire Eurasiatique de la Fin.